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Student on ski treadmill

Northern Michigan University's Master of Science in exercise science is highly regarded and has graduated alumni who have professional careers in broad spectrum of the exercise science, sports science, and health and wellness fields – many at elite levels.

The NMU exercise science master's degree is intended for students with undergraduate backgrounds in athletic training, biological sciences, dietetics, health, nursing, physical education, physiology, physical therapy and sport/exercise science. The primary objective of this program is to provide the student with a working knowledge in the physiological and biomechanical aspects of human movement and exertion.

A core of 17 required credits provides a foundation in the science of exercise. Students also take a minimum of 15 elective credits, which provide specialized study in a variety of applied areas. A master's thesis research option is also available.

To qualify for regular admission into this NMU graduate program, applicants must have a minimum overall undergraduate grade point average of 3.0 and a GPA of 3.0 or higher in a relevant major or 9 semester hours of relevant course work (human anatomy and physiology, exercise physiology, kinesiology, biomechanics, or physics).  Applicants who do not meet the standards for regular admission but have a minimum GPA of 2.50 may be admitted on a conditional basis.  To learn more about the full contingent of program requirements, click on the link to the left.

The graduate program in exercise science is intended to provide the student with a well-rounded program of advanced study in the scientific aspects of exercise. Seventeen credits of specific courses are required and combined with a minimum of 15 elective credits for the degree.

Students must complete one of the following two options:

  1. submit two formal file papers to the School of Health and Human Performance (non-thesis option); or
  2. complete a 4-credit Research Thesis (ES 599).

    REQUIRED COURSES:

    • ES 500 - Introduction to Research (2)
    • ES 511 - Statistics and Measurements (3)
    • ES 521 - Advanced Exercise Physiology (3)
    • ES 540 - Advanced Mechanical Kinesiology (3)
    • ES 531 - Advanced Seminar in Exercise Science (3)
    • HN 516 – Sport Nutrition (3)

    ELECTIVES:

    Electives are designated, in consultation with an advisor, on the student’s graduate plan of study. The graduate plan of study is submitted during the semester in which the 12th credit of graduate level work is being completed. A minimum of 15 elective credits are required for the degree. These credits may be taken in a variety of areas (exercise science, health, nutrition, biology, chemistry).

    • ES 421 Physiology of training for sport (3)
    • ES 422 Sport biomechanics (2)
    • ES 470 Psychology of athletic performance (2)
    • ES 475 Theory of strength and conditioning (2)
    • ES 476 Exercise and fitness for special populations (2)
    • ES 501 Communications in Exercise Science (1)
    • ES 571 Laboratory procedures (various topics designated as a, b, c, etc.) (1)
    • ES 572 Internship in adult fitness/cardiac rehab. (1-2)
    • ES 595 Special topics in exercise science (var.)
    • ES 597/598 Directed study (must be arranged with specific instructor) (1-4)
    • ES 599 Thesis (requires consult with faculty and completion of form) (1-4)
    • HL 470 Electrocardiography (1)
    • HL 471 Exercise specialization (adult fitness/cardiac rehab.) (2)
    • HL 472 Health & exercise leadership skills (2)
    • HL 485 Drug use and abuse (3)
    • HN 415 Obesity and weight management (4)
    • HN 452 Clinical nutrition (4)
    • BI 425 Endocrinology (3)
    • BI 510 Advanced human physiology (4)
    • BI 511 Advanced animal physiology (3)
    • CH 450 Intro. Biochemistry I (4)
    • CH 452 Biochemistry II (4)
    • CH 454 Biochemical techniques (4)
      (Students should check the Graduate Bulletin regarding prerequisites for specific courses.)

    Students who wish to complete a research Thesis must meet with an adviser and discuss the proposal process prior to beginning. ES 599 Thesis credits will count as part of the required total of 32 credits for the degree. View the Exercise Science ES 599 Thesis Syllabus here.

    Contact:

    • Sarah Breen, Ph.D.
      Office: PEIF 214
      Phone: 906-227-1143
      E-mail: sabreen@nmu.edu

    The National Board of Certification (BOC) has approved Northern Michigan University as a continuing education provider for certified athletic trainers. The BOC is the national credentialing agency for certified athletic trainers and is the only accredited certification program for athletic trainers in the United States.  The purpose of the certification is to provide standards and continuing education requirements to maintain current status as a BOC athletic trainer.

    File Paper Guidelines

    The masters degree program in exercise science requires students to complete a 4-credit Research Thesis (ES 599) or complete and submit two formal file papers to the School of Health and Human Performance. Submission of the File Papers constitutes a non-thesis option and requires the student to complete at least four additional elective credits to attain the minimum of 32 credits required for the degree.

    File papers may be part of the assigned work of a course, such as the review paper required in ES 531 Advanced Seminar or a paper associated with a directed study or another course. The paper must represent independant scholarly work and demonstrate that the student has put original thought into the product.

    The work must be prepared as a formal paper prior to final submission as a file paper. Simply turning in a paper as part of a class does not constitute final submission as a file paper for the degree. With each file paper students will submit a "File Paper Submission Form" you can access this form as a google doc or as a fillable pdf file. For each paper you will need to:

    • include a copy of your professors feedback
    • have highlighted in yellow all areas I updated in the paper in response to professor feedback
    • complete the summary table on each form summarizing how you have addressed the professor’s feedback.

    File papers can be submitted electronically or as a physical hardcopy to theprogram coordinator for the Exercise Science Program Director. Following submission the program director will complete and submit a "A Verification of Completion of Graduate Projects" form to the Graduate Studies Office at least 20 days prior to the student’s date of graduation. The student should contact the Graduate Studies Office to determine the exact “due date” for each semester and plan accordingly.

    File papers often involve a review of a specific topic. In such cases the written review should be prepared as if it were being submitted to a scientific journal as a “Brief Review.” Good examples may be found in the ACSM publication – Exercise and Sports Sciences Reviews (available in the NMU library). See:

    Coyle, E.F. and J. Gonzalez-Alonso. Cardiovascular drift during prolonged exercise: new perspectives. Exerc. Sport Sci. Rev. 26(2):88-92, 2001.

    Wagner. P. New ideas on limitations to VO2max. Exerc. Sport Sci. Rev. 28(1):10-14, 2000.

    (Copies of the Coyle and Gonzalez-Alonso and the Wagner reviews are tacked on the bulletin board by my office. If you take these, please replace ASAP.)

    Another good reference for examples is the journal Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise (available in the NMU library). MSSE® publishes reviews under the category of Brief Review.

    Brief review papers will usually involve 8-24 pages of double-spaced text (4-5 journal pages), plus tables and figures, and between 15-20 references. The style format of Exercise and Sports Sciences Reviews or MSSE® should be used for the preparation of file papers.

    The organizational format of the paper may vary according to the specific topic, however, the general structure for a scientific review article should be followed. A brief introduction should be provided to establish why the review is important and to describe any boundaries or limitations of the review. Next would be an organized and systematic exploration of the topic with appropriate subheadings. The body of the review should follow a logical progression from sub-heading to sub-heading. A conclusion or summary section should close the review.

    This website may be helpful; particularly the article on “Guidelines for Scientific Writing.”

    • In the left column, click on “Research Resources.”
    • Check the list and click on “Writing.”
    • Click on “Guidelines for Scientific Writing.”

    Graduate Assistantship

    The exercise science program normally carries eight graduate assistant positions each year.  Graduate assistants are assigned responsibilities that may include teaching laboratory sections for exercise physiology or anatomical/mechanical kinesiology, teaching in the Health Promotion activities program, working with Northern Michigan University's adult fitness program (MoveUP), and/or assisting faculty with research. 

    Graduate assistants are typically assigned a semester workload equivalent to 16-20 hours per week and receive a stipend plus tuition waiver for 16 credits per year. Applicants interested in being considered for a graduate assistant award must meet the standards listed under admission requirements for regular admission.  In addition, graduate assistant applicants must submit three letters of recommendation, provide a one-page personal statement, and provide an assessment of the ability to teach health promotion and physical activities, science laboratory sections, and perform in an exercise leadership role and/or research role.

    Graduate assistants who are teaching courses must complete the GA teaching checklist, which provides a good understanding of a student's areas of interest and levels of competence for various health and fitness-related courses.  Both the links for the checklist and graduate assistantship application are located below.

    GA Application materials need to be submitted via email to Dr Sarah Breen before February 15th each year.

    All graduate assistants in Exercise Science are assigned responsibilities equivalent to a 50% Instructor load. Normally this will involve approximately 20 hours of work per week through the academic semester. All Exercise Science GA’s are assigned some teaching in the Health Promotion (HP) activities program of the School (Health and Human Performance). Some GA’s are assigned to teach undergraduate laboratory sections in exercise physiology, anatomical kinesiology, and/or first aid. Some GA’s are assigned duties with the School’s community-based adult fitness program (GETFIT).

    Please indicate your interests and competencies in the GA teaching checklist.

    Nadine Sikora:  2021 Spooner Award ($500) to support costs for her thesis project entitled "Effects of Resistance Training on Endogenous Testosterone in Transgender Males".

    Brett Fox:  2021 Excellence in Education Award ($1500) to support costs for her thesis project entitled "A Survey of Concussion Management Among Rural and Urban Physicians ".

    Emily Klinkman:  2021 Excellence in Education Award ($1500) to support costs for her thesis project entitled "Coordination variability and injury risk in experienced collegiate dancers: A prospective cohort study".

    Bill Affholter:  2021 Excellence in Education Award ($1500) to support costs for a research project entitled "A Case Study: The Psycho-Physiological Attributes of an Electrically Assisted Mountain Bike (e-MTB)".

    Haley Clark:  2021 Excellence in Education Award ($1500) to support costs for her thesis research entitled "The Relationship Between Concussions and Mental Health in Elite Hockey Athletes".

    Matt Sirk:  2020 Excellence in Education Award ($1500) to support the costs of a research project entitled "Intermittent Vascular Occlusion in Combination with Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation as a modality to enhance skeletal muscle recovery." 

    Josie Mazzone:  2020 Excellence in Education Award ($1500) to support costs for her thesis research entitled "The Physiological Effect of Therapy Dogs during Exercise for Sedentary Adults " . https://commons.nmu.edu/health_theses/

    Olivia Perrin:  2019 Excellence in Education Award ($1500) for travel support to present "A Comparison of the National Basketball Association's Annual National Basketball Association Draft Combine 2001 to 2018" at the 2019 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Meeting in Oxford, Ohio.  https://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol37/iss1/52/

    Ashley VanSumeren:  2018 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Student Mini Research Grant ($1000) to support data collection for her thesis project, "Effects of shoe type on various kinetic, kinematic, and physiological variables during step-up and step-down motions."

    Mindie Clark: 2017 Excellence in Education Award ($1500) for travel support to present “Adaptations to sprinting and jumping after training with a resistance harness in track athletes”; at the 2017 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Meeting in Cologne, Germany. http://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol35/iss1/205/

    Ashlyn Jendro: 2017 Spooner Student Research Grant ($500) to support data collection for her thesis project titled “Performance characteristics of adult, one dog Canicross runners.”

    Ryan Meidinger: Excellence in Education Award ($1500) for travel support to present “Acute effects of the SpeedMaker resistive sprint device: electromyography and kinematics”; at the 2017 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Meeting in Cologne, Germany. http://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol35/iss1/2/

    Stephanie Moore: 2017 Excellence in Education Award ($1500) for support to travel to Salzburg, Austria for data collection on her research project “Postural compensation from the implementation of a heel lift in alpine skiers.

    Stephanie Moore: 2017 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Student Mini Research Grant (€500) for support to travel to Salzburg, Austria for data collection on her research project “Postural compensation from the implementation of a heel lift in alpine skiers.

    Stephanie Moore: 2017 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Student Internship Grant (€2000) for support to collect data on her thesis project “Biomechanical Adaptations to an Implemented Ramp Angle in Recreational Alpine Skiers.” Data collection occurred at the University of Salzburg, Austria and NMU.

    Megan Hennekens: Excellence in Education Award ($1500) in 2017; also awarded a Superior Health Foundation Grant ($276.82) for her research examining three different yoga speeds on cortisol response in female college nursing students.

    Brandon Jones: Excellence in Education Award ($1500) received in 2017 to complete his thesis research on “The effect of hyperthermic whole body heat stimulus (sauna) on heat shock protein 70 and skeletal muscle hypertrophy in young males during weight training”. Further, Brandon developed an abstract and poster presentation to present at the 2017 Midwest American College of Sports Medicine Conference in Grand Rapids, MI. 

    William “Jake” Brown: Excellence in Education Award ($1500) for travel support to present “Muscle coordination in cross-country skiing: the effect of incline on the V2-skate technique”; at the 2016 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Meeting in Tsukuba, Japan. 

    Andrew Ernst: Excellence in Education Award ($1500) for travel support to present “7-weeks of yoga training and its effects on flexibility and rate of force development in Olympic weightlifters”; at the 2016 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Meeting in Tsukuba, Japan.

    Andrew Ernst: Spooner Student Research Grant ($500) to support costs of Yoga instruction in the conduction of the study “7-weeks of yoga training and its effects on flexibility and rate of force development in Olympic weightlifters”; 2015. 

    Andrew Ernst: Excellence in Education Award ($1500) for travel support to present “Rotator cuff activation during the Olympic snatch under various loading conditions”; at the 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Meeting in Poitiers, France.

    Kevin Phillips: Excellence in Education Award ($1500) for travel support to present “The influence of drop height on ground reaction forces in mountain biking”; at the 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Meeting in Poitiers, France. 

    Matthew Kilgas: Graduate Research and Scholarly Activities Award for ($1,500) for travel support to present “Transitioning from road running to trail running.”; at the 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Meeting in Poitiers, France.

    Brian Budd II: NMU Undergraduate Student Research Travel Grant ($2500) for travel support to present “Effects of cutting weight via sauna on force production and rate of force development for the Olympic snatch pull.”; at the 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Meeting in Poitiers, France.    

    Aaron Eastham: Excellence in Education Award in 2015 "to examine the effects of yoga on growth hormone secretion in healthy, young males and females".  Further, Aaron developed an abstract and poster to present at the Midwest Americal College of Sports Medicine Conference in Fort Wayne, IN.

    Kevin Phillips: Graduate Research and Scholarly Activities Award ($1,000) for materials and supplies to conduct the study “The influence of drop height on ground reaction forces in mountain biking”; 2015.

     [RJ1]These were undergrads at time of Award.

    Max Adolphs received a 2014 Excellence in Education award in support of his research titled, "The Metabolic Effects of High Intensity Intermittent Exercise in Hypoxia Versus Normoxia on Sedentary Overweight Adults." The project objectives were to access the metabolic effects of high intensity intermittent exercise in hypoxia on overweight and obese sedentary adults. 

    Cale Anderson received a 2014 Excellence in Education award in support of his research titled, "Comparison of Kinematics and Accuracy of Overhand Football Throwing."  The purpose of the study was to examine the effect that throw type and shoulder angle might have on wrist speed, elbow angle, and throwing accuracy. 

    Kevin Phillips received a 2014 Excellence in Education award in support of his research titled, "The Physiological Demands of Snow Biking through the Use of a Fat Bike." Kevin's research questions included, "Does snow biking with a fat bike result in an increased physiological demand compared to that of cross country mountain biking, during the summer, using a hard tail mountain bike? Does time to complete the trail differ? Does rating of perceived exertion differ?"

    Bridget E. Durocher received a 2014 Spooner Award for her research project titled, "Influence of Intensity on Acute Aortic Pulse Pressure and Central Arterial Stiffness in Long-Distance Runners". Bridget used small wrist accelerometers during long-distance running events in conjunction with measures of central blood pressure and arterial stiffness to gain insight as to how intensity influences acute cardiovascular health.

    Bridget Durocher received a 2013 Excellence in Education Award in support of her research titled, "Acute Effects of the Marquette 50 and Marquette Marathon on Cardiovascular Health." The purpose of Bridget's research was to determine the effects of ultramarathon or marathon on C-reactive protein, brachial blood pressure and measure of arterial stiffness. 

    Mariah Lash received a 2012 Spooner Grant in support of her research titled, "The Relationship Between Non-suicidal Self-injury and Disordered Eating in Female Collegiate Athletes". The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of disordered eating non-suicidal self-injury and the co-occurrence of the two in female collegiate athletes. 

    Megan McCullough received a 2012 Spooner Grant in support of her research titled, "Same-sex Vs Opposite-sex Athletic Trainers: NCAA Athletes’ Comfort and Preference".  The purpose of this study was to identify the preference of NCAA athletes pertaining to same-sex vs. opposite-sex athletic trainers. Specifically, determine preferences with the treatment of general medical conditions, athletic injuries, psychological conditions, and sex-specific injuries and conditions.   

    Saravanan Balasubramani received a 2007 Excellence in Education Award in support of his research titled EMG and Force Production Of Upper and Lower Extremities with Three Difference Foot Positions During A Rock Climbing Movement..” Saravanan is a physiotherapist from Chennai, India.  His research will study how specific foot position affects applied force at the hand and foot and muscle motor unit activation in six muscles during a standardized rock climbing movement. 

    Benjamin A. Crockett received a 2007 Excellence in Education Award in support of his research titled:  Kinematic Analysis and Muscular Activity of Skateboard Propulsion in Experienced Participants to present it at the XXV International Sport Biomechanics Symposium (ISBS) in Ouro Preto, Brazil.  Ben was a first-year grad student from Petoskey, Mich.  His research investigated motion during the pushing and riding of a skateboard.

    Daniel Kaukola received a 2007 Excellence in Education Award in support of his research titled: Validity and reliability of a field test in estimating Functional Threshold Power in cycling. Danny was a second- year grad student from Ishpeming, Mich. He planned to evaluate the validity and reliability of a field test for estimating functional threshold power (the power that could be maintained during a time trial) in cyclists.

    Melinda McCutcheon received a 2007 Excellence in Education Award in support of her research titled: Force Production: Effects of Lateral Pedal Variation Relative to Q-angle in Avid Cyclists. Mindy was a first-year grad student from Boyne City, Mich. Her research examined whether correcting Q-angles at the knee by varying lateral pedal widths impacted the cyclist’s overall force production, thus improving efficiency and performance.

    Eamonn Flanagan was the 2007 winner of the New Investigator Award at the XXV International Sport Biomechanics Symposium (ISBS) in Ouro Preto, Brazil. His paper titled: Reliability of the reactive strength index and time to stabilization during depth jumpswas the top out of 15 other papers. Coauthors were Randall Jensen and William Ebben (a former graduate student). Eamonn is now a doctoral student at the University of Limerick in Limerick, Ireland.

    Research Videos

    Mountain Bike Landings From Various Heights

    Muscle Excitation During Kettle Bell Swings

    Running With and Without Trail Obstacles

    Olympic Weightlifting: Snatch Technique when cutting weight

    American Football Throw With and Without Stress

    Speedmaker TM Research

    Faculty/Student Research

    Please review the most currently updated list of Program Research at this Google Doc.

    1. Weich, C, Jensen, RL, Vieten, M. Triathlon Transition Study: Quantifying differences in running movement pattern and precision after bike-run-transition. Sport Biomechanics 2017: 1-14 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14763141.2017.1391324.
    2. Matu, J., O’Hara, J., Hill, N., Clarke, S.B., Boos, C., Newman, C., Holdsworth, D., Ispoglou, T., Duckworth, L., Woods, D., Mellor, A., & Deighton, K. Changes in appetite, energy intake, body composition, and circulating ghrelin constituents during an incremental trekking ascent to high altitude. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2017: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-017- 3683-0
    3. Mellor, A., Bakker-Dyos, J., Howard, M., Boos, C., Cooke, M., Vincent, E., Scott, P., O'Hara, J., Clarke, S.B., Barlow, M., Matu, J., Deighton, K., Newman, C., Cruttenden, R., Holdsworth, D., & Woods, D. The British Services Dhaulagiri Medical Research Expedition 2016: a unique military and civilian research collaboration. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps. 2017: https://doi.org/10.1136/jramc-2016-000700
    4. Boos, C., Vincent, E., Mellor, A., Woods, D., Newman, C., Cruttenden, R., Barlow, M., Cooke, M., Deighton, K., Scott, P., Clarke, S.B., O'Hara, J. The effect of high altitude on central blood pressure and arterial stiffness. Journal of Human Hypertension, 2017: 31(11), 715–719. https://doi.org/10.1038/jhh.2017.40
    5. Jones, BDrum, S, Stoolmiller, M Moore, M, Joubert, L. The effect of hyperthermic whole body heat stimulust (sauna) on heat shock protein 70 and skeletal muscle hypertrophy in young males druing weight training. Midwest American College of Sports Medicine (MWACSM) Conference, poster presentation, Grand Rapids, MI, Nov 2017.
    6. Rettke, D and DrumS. The effects of simulated hypoxia bouts on resting blood glucose levels and hemodynamics of a type 1 diabetic: a case study. Midwest American College of Sports Medicine (MWACSM) Conference, poster presentation, Grand Rapids, MI, Nov 2017
    7. Lanae Joubert, L, Kilgas, M, Holley, A, Gautam, Y, Donath, L, Drum, S. In-class cycling to augment college student academic performance and reduce physical inactivity: Results from a RCT. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 201714(11), 1343; doi:10.3390/ijerph14111343.
    8. Moore, MT, Carlson, J, Hamachek, JYoung, J, Kangas, K. Lingering dynamic balance decrements in college athletes after acute phase of mild traumatic brain injury compared to controls. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Conference Washington DC, November 2017.
    9. Kangas, K, Aday, J., Moore, M., & Carlson, J. M. An assessment of frontal lobe activity during an attentional bias task following concussion in collegiate athletes: A near-infrared spectroscopy study. Peer Reviewed. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Conference. Washington, DC, November 2017.
    10. Susa, T., Kangas, KMoore, M., & Carlson, J. M. Near-infrared spectroscopy measures of prefrontal cortex oxygenation following mild traumatic brain injury. Peer Reviewed Presented at the Society for Washington, DC November 2017.
    11. Joubert, L.M. The salad assignment reinforces the nutrient density concept in a university human nutrition course. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 116(9): A-66. Presented at 2016 National FNCE Boston, MA.
    12. Clarke, S.B., Deighton, K., Newman, C., Boos, C., Woods, D., Mellor, A., Nicholson, G., & O'Hara, J. (2017) Changes In Adaptations to sprinting and jumping after training with a resistance harness in track athletes. In Proceedings of XXXV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Potthast, W, Niehoff, A, David, S.; Editors). 2017: 904-907 http://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol35/iss1/257/.
    13. Clark, M, Jensen, RL, Meidinger, RL, Clarke, SB. Adaptations to sprinting and jumping after training with a resistance harness in track athletes. In Proceedings of XXXV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Potthast, W, Niehoff, A, David, S.; Editors). 2017: 904-907 http://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol35/iss1/205/.
    14. Jensen, RL, Meidinger, RL, Szuba, DP. Effects of the SpeedMaker device on muscle activity and vertical jump performance. In Proceedings of XXXV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Potthast, W, Niehoff, A, David, S.; Editors). 2017: 939-942. http://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol35/iss1/179/
    15. Meidinger, RLJensen, RL, ClarkeSB, Clark, M. Acute effects of the SpeedMaker resistive sprint device: electromyography and kinematics. In Proceedings of XXXV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Potthast, W, Niehoff, A, David, S.; Editors). 2017: 1076-1079 http://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol35/iss1/2/.
    16. Walker, J, Clarke, SB, Jensen, RL. The comparison of knee joint kinematics between two types of stop jump. In Proceedings of XXXV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Potthast, W, Niehoff, A, David, S.; Editors). 2017: 1168-1071. http://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol35/iss1/97/
    17. Clark, M., Meidinger, R., Clarke, S. B. and Jensen, R. L., Adaptations To Sprinting And Jumping After Training With Resistance Harness In Track Athletes. Peer Reviewed Presented at Midwest American Society of Biomechanics Conference, February 2017
    18. Drum, SN, Bellovary, BNJensen, RL, Moore, MT, Donath, L. Avoiding misperception and misuse of CrossFit®: seeking evidence-based best practice recommendations on training and injury. J Sports Med Phys Fitness-7010. 2017, 57(5):721-723.
    19. Francis, P, Ledingham, J, Clarke, SB, Collins, DJ, and Jakeman, P. A Comparison of Stride Length and Lower Extremity Kinematics during Barefoot and Shod Running in Well Trained Distance Runners. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 2016, 15: 417- 423.
    20. Cornell NAMoore MTWujcik NA, Hamachek J, Lovell MR. Test/ Retest Reliability for Pediatric ImPACT Post One to Two years in Five to Eleven Year Olds. Presentation at the 67th Annual NATA Conference July 2016.
    21. Moore, MTRochester JA. Perception of Risk of Injury on Grass versus Indoor Field Turf Surfaces in Collegiate Football Players. Presentation at the 67th Annual NATA Conference July 2016
    22. Hawkins, HMoore, MT. Head Impact on the Brain in College-Aged Recreational, Experienced and Professional Divers. Presented at the 67th Annual 2016 NATA Free Communications Program. Peer reviewed oral presentation (one of the only undergraduate students to get this honor!). July 2016.
    23. Hamachek, JMoore, MTCornell NA. Pediatric ImPACT Test/Retest Reliability for Soccer/Hockey Players After One to Two Years in Five to Eleven Year Olds. NCHC Conference October 12-16 2016, Seattle, WA.
    24. Hawkins, HMoore, MT. Head Impact on the Brain in College-Aged Recreational, Experienced and Professional Divers. Journal of Athletic Training: June 2016, Vol. 51, No. 6 Supplement, pp. S-1-S-375.
    25. Moore, MTRochester JA. Perception of Risk of Injury on Grass versus Indoor Field Turf Surfaces in Collegiate Football Players. Journal of Athletic Training: June 2016, Vol. 51(6), S-1-S-375.
    26. Cornell NAMoore MTWujcik NA, Hamachek J, Lovell MR. Test/ Retest Reliability for Pediatric ImPACT Post One to Two years in Five to Eleven Year Olds. Journal of Athletic Training: June 2016, Vol. 51(6) S-1-S-375.
    27. Kilgas, MADrum, S, Jensen, RL, Watts, PB. The effect of magnesium carbonate (chalk) on geometric entropy, force and EMG during rock climbing. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 2016; http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jab.2016-0009
    28. Drum, SN, Klika, RJ, Carter, SM, Sprod, LK, and Donath, L. A feasibility study related to inactive cancer survivors compared with non-cancer controls during aerobic exercise training. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2016. 15, 592-600.
    29. Drum, SN, Faude, O, de Fay du Lavallaz, E, Allemann, R, Nève, G, and Donath, L. (2016). Acute Effects of walking at moderate normobaric altitude on gait and balance performance in healthy community-dwelling seniors: A randomized controlled crossover study. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 67:74-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.archger.2016.06.022.
    30. Joubert, LM; Larson, AJ; Weber, S. Nutrition and Hydration Strategies to Enhance Sport and Multi-pitch Climbing Performance. In Proceedings of III Congress of the International Rock Climbing Research Association (Watts, P. Editor). 2016: 72-77, Telluride, CO.
    31. DrumSN, Kilgas, M, Phillips, KWatts, PB. Heart rate, perceived effort, and anxiety during top rope & lead rock climbing. In Proceedings of III Congress of the International Rock Climbing Research Association (Watts, P. Editor). 2016: 20-21, Telluride, CO.
    32. Watts, PB. A Physiological Model for Rock Climbing: The First 2000 Years. In Proceedings of III Congress of the International Rock Climbing Research Association (Watts, P. Editor). 2016: 78-81, Telluride, CO.
    33. VanHorn A.; Stoolmiller, ML; Watts, PBJoubert, LM; Klier, K; Rettke, DJones, AMDrum, SN. Hang Board Performance Time Across Multiple Hangs in Normoxia and Normobaric Hypoxia. In Proceedings of III Congress of the International Rock Climbing Research Association (Watts, P. Editor). 2016: 60-61, Telluride, CO.
    34. Draper, N, Schöffl, V, Fuss, FK, Watts, PB, Wolf, P, Baláš, J, España Romero, V… Drum, SN, Phillips, K, Kilgas, M, et al. Comparative grading scales, statistical analyses, climber descriptors and ability grouping: International Rock Climbing Research Association Position Statement. Sport Technology. 2016 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19346182.2015.1107081.
    35. Ernst, AT and Jensen, RL. 7-weeks of yoga training and its effects on flexibility and rate of force development in Olympic weightlifters. In Proceedings of XXXIV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. 2016: 585-588. https://ojs.ub.uni- konstanz.de/cpa/article/view/6879/6175.
    36. Jensen, RL, Zueger, LA, Sellman, BJ, Scatena, P, and Stephenson, ML. Visual flow does not alter muscle activity during treadmill walking or running. In Proceedings of XXXIV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. 2016: 699-702. https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/view/7070/6362.
    37. Brown, WJ and Jensen, RL. Muscle coordination in cross-country skiing: the effect of incline on the V2-skate technique. In Proceedings of XXXIV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. 2016: 1124-1128. https://ojs.ub.uni- konstanz.de/cpa/article/view/6980/6275
    38. Walker, J, Clarke, SB, Waller, E, Robey-Broome, A, Jensen, RL. Reactive strength index-modified in different plyometric tasks. In Proceedings of XXXIV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. 2016: 1139-1142. https://ojs.ub.uni- konstanz.de/cpa/article/view/6984/6279
    39. Drum, SN, Watts, PB, Jensen, RL, Phillips, KC. Exercise intensity and performance aspects of fat biking on dirt vs snow. National ACSM Conference, Boston, MA. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 May;48(5 Suppl 1):706. doi: 0.1249/01.mss.0000487122.74826.a5.
    40. Eastham, A, Joubert, J, Jensen, RL, and Drum, SN. (November 2015). The effect of yoga on growth hormone secretion in young men and women. Midwest American College of Sports Medicine (MWACSM) Conference, poster presentation, Fort Wayne, IN.
    41. Jones, A, Mann, P, Drum, SN. (November 2015). 12-day adventure run training at altitude improves sea level 5km performance. National American College of Sports

    Medicine Conferences, poster presentation, Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 May; 48(5 Suppl 1):468. doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000486409.21763.9c.

    1. Ernst, AT and Jensen, RL. 7-weeks of yoga training and its effects on flexibility and rate of force development in Olympic weightlifters. In Proceedings of XXXIV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. 2016, Tsukuba, Japan.
    2. Jensen, RL, Zueger, LA, Sellman, BJ, Scatena, P, and Stephenson, ML. Visual flow does not alter muscle activity during treadmill walking or running. In Proceedings of XXXIV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. 2016, Tsukuba, Japan.
    3. Watts, PBSN DrumM KilgasK Phillips. Geometric entropy during rock climbing – Lead vs top-rope ascents. International Journal of Exercise Science. 2016; 9(2): 168-174. http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol9/iss2/6/
    4. Walker, J, Clarke, SB, Waller, EV, Robey-Broome A, and Jensen, RL, Reactive Strength Index-modified in different plyometric tasks British Association of Sport & Exercise Science Student Conference, April 2016
    5. Phillips, KC and Jensen, RL. Body position and technique effects on displacement in the dyno maneuver in rock climbing. Sports Technology. 2016 DOI:10.1080/19346182.2015.1106549
    6. Drum, SN, Bellovary, BNJensen, RL, Moore, MT, Donath, L. (2016, Feb 12. [Epub ahead of print]). Perceived demands and post-exercise physical dysfunction in Crossfit® compared to an ACSM based training session. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. PMID: 26954573.
    7. Petushek, EJ, Ward, P, Cokely, ET, and Myer, GD. Injury risk estimation expertise: Interdisciplinary differences in performance on the ACL Injury Risk Estimation Quiz. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2015; vol. 3, 11: 2325967115614799. DOI: 10.1177/2325967115614799
    8. Cousineau, SAClarke, SB, Guseman, EH, Drum, SN. Factors associated with NCAA Division I cross-country team rankings. Rocky Mountain American College of Sports Medicine Conference, 2015, Denver, CO.
    9. Drum, SN, Swisher, A, Buchanan, CH, and Donath, L. (2015). Effects of a custom bite- aligning mouth guard on performance in college football players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(5):1409-15. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001235.
    10. Budd, BR II, Jensen, RL. Effects of cutting weight via sauna on force production and rate of force development for the Olympic snatch pull. Presented at the 2015 Keweenaw Medical Conference, Copper Harbor, MI; August 2015.
    11. Ernst, AT, Jensen, RL. Rotator cuff activation during the Olympic snatch under various loading conditions. Presented at the 2015 Keweenaw Medical Conference, Copper Harbor, MI; August 2015.
    12. Jensen, RL, Leissring, SK, Stephenson, ML. Effect of running speed and surface inclination on muscle activation during treadmill running by women. Presented at the 2015 Keweenaw Medical Conference, Copper Harbor, MI; August 2015.
    13. Bausano, DJ, Anderson, CSM, Jensen, RL Changes in upper extremity muscle activation in the presence of stress. In Proceedings of XXXIII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Colloud, F, Domalain, M & Monnet, T; Editors)2015; 182-185, Poitiers, France.
    14. Vieten, MM, Jensen, RL. The attractor method – a technique to quantify differences of cyclic processes and their variability. In Proceedings of XXXII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Colloud, F, Domalain, M & Monnet, T; Editors)2015: 511-514, Poitiers, France.
    15. Moore, MT. (2015). Muscle Energy Workshop. Northern Michigan University Athletic Training Conference. July 31, 2015. Invited Presentation.
    16. Moore, MTMurphy, BSeramur, D, Lovell, MR. Validity and Reliability of Pediatric ImPACT in Five to Twelve Year Olds. Journal of Athletic Training, 2015 50 (6), S-27. http://natajournals.org/doi/pdf/10.4085/1062-6050-50.6.s1
    17. Moore, MTMurphy, BSeramur, D Lovell, MR. Validity and Reliability of Lifespan ImPACT (Kid’s Version) in Five to Twelve Year Olds. Oral Presentation at NATA Research and Education Foundation Free Communications at the 66th Annual NATA Conference July 2015.
    18. Moore, MT, Murphy B. Return to Learn and Play in Young Athletes (5-12) Post mTBI; What Does the Research Show? Great Lakes Athletic Trainers Association Annual Conference in Wheeling, IL. Feature Presentation March 2015.
    19. Carlson, B.R., Petushek, E.J., Moore, M., & Dermyer, H. (2015). Effect of sauna therapy on overhead squat depth in elite weightlifters. 33rd International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, Poitiers, France. https://isbs2015.sciencesconf.org/58911
    20. Budd, BR II, Jensen, RL Effects of cutting weight via sauna on force production and rate of force development for the Olympic snatch pull. In Proceedings of XXXIII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Colloud, F, Domalain, M & Monnet, T; Editors)2015: 575-578, Poitiers, France.
    21. Rajala, BA, Jensen, RL. Electromyography of lower limb muscles during kettlebell exercises. . In Proceedings of XXXIII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Colloud, F, Domalain, M & Monnet, T; Editors)2015; 666-669, Poitiers, France.
    22. Ernst, AT, Jensen, RL. Rotator cuff activation during the Olympic snatch under various loading conditions. In Proceedings of XXXIII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Colloud, F, Domalain, M & Monnet, T; Editors)2015; 670-673, Poitiers, France, June 2015.
    23. Phillips, KC, Kilgas, MA, Jensen, RL. The influence of drop height on ground reaction forces in mountain biking. In Proceedings of XXXIII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Colloud, F, Domalain, M & Monnet, T; Editors)2015; 783-785, Poitiers, France.
    24. Kilgas, M, Drum, S, Jensen, RL. Transitioning from road running to trail running. In Proceedings of XXXIII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Colloud, F, Domalain, M & Monnet, T; Editors)2015; 878-881, Poitiers, France.
    25. Jensen, RL, Leissring, SK, Stephenson, ML. Effect of running speed and surface inclination on muscle activation during treadmill running by women. In Proceedings of XXXIII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Colloud, F, Domalain, M & Monnet, T; Editors)2015: 1159-1162, Poitiers, France.
    26. Hoeh, AE, McGowan, BJ, Sellman, BJ, Bussey, SM, Cleveland, DJ, Drum, SN. Decrements in VO2max and heart rate max in normobaric hypoxia. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine San Diego, CA; May 2015.
    27. Carl Wozniak, Drum, SN, Hugus, B, Wozniak, E, Watts, PB. “Clumping” in cross country skiing: how men and women finish races. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine San Diego, CA; May 2015.
    28. Joubert, LM, Kilgas, MA, Holley, AM, Drum, SN. Feasibility of using a cycle desk during a semester-long university lecture course. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine San Diego, CA; May 2015.
    29. Drum, SN, Adolphs, MW, Dixon, JB, Watts, PB, Joubert, LM, Jensen, RL. The metabolic effects of hypoxic high intensity intermittent exercise on overweight and obese sedentary adults. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine San Diego, CA; May 2015.

    43)  Holley, AM, Kilgas, MA, Joubert, LMDrum, SN. Student perceptions of using a cycle desk during a semester-long university lecture course. Presented at the Midwest American College of Sports Medicine Merriville, IN; November 2014.

    44)  Kilgas, MA, Holley, AM, Joubert, LMDrum, SN. Low intensity cycling throughout a semester-long lecture course does not interfere with student test performance. Presented at the Midwest American College of Sports Medicine Merriville, IN; November 2014.

    45)  Hoeh, AE, McGowan, BJ, Sellman, BJ, Bussey, SM, Cleveland, DJ, Drum, SN. Decrements in VO2max and heart rate max in normobaric hypoxia. Presented at the Midwest American College of Sports Medicine Merriville, IN; November 2014.

    46)  Watts, PBSN Drum, M Kilgas, K Phillips. Geometric entropy during rock climbing – Lead vs top-rope ascents. Presented at the 2nd International Rock Climbing Research Congress, Pontresina, Switzerland, September, 2014.

    47)  Kilgas, MA, KC Phillips, PB Watts. Static Stretching does not impair sport specific measures of upper-limb force and power in rock climbing. Presented at the 2nd International Rock Climbing Research Congress, Pontresina, Switzerland, September, 2014

    48)  Phillips, KC, RL Jensen. Body position and technique effects on displacement in the dyno maneuver in rock climbing. Presented at the 2nd International Rock Climbing Research Congress, Pontresina, Switzerland, September, 2014.

    49)  Drum, SN, Weatherwax, R, and Dixon, B. (ed.). Muscular injuries in the posterior lower leg: Assessment and treatmentChapter 2 – Physiology of skeletal muscle. Publisher: Springer Science: Willowick, OH. 2014.

    50)  Drum, SN, Weatherwax, R, and Dixon, B. (ed.). Muscular injuries in the posterior lower leg: Assessment and treatmentChapter 3 – Structure and organization of skeletal muscle. Publisher: Springer Science: Willowick, OH. 2014.

    51)  Drum, SN, and Porcari, JP. (ed). ACE: Exercise Physiology Chapter 29 – the effects of altitude, pollution, and scuba diving on exercise capacity. Publishers: F.A. Davis Company: Philadelphia, PA; and American Council on Exercise. In Press Fall 2014

    52)  Anderson, CSM, Breen, SJensen, RL. Comparison of kinematics and accuracy of overhand American Football throwing. In Proceedings of XXXII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Sato, K. Editor) Johnson City, TN, USA; July 2014.

    53)  Breen, S, Stephenson, ML, Jensen, RLDrum, S. Changes in running gait parameters during a 161 km trail race. In Proceedings of XXXII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Sato, K. Editor) Johnson City, TN, USA; July 2014.

    54)  Jensen, RL, Furlong, L-AM, Harrison, AJ. Influence of jumping measures and squat 1RM on sprint speed in Rugby Union players. In Proceedings of XXXII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Sato, K. Editor) Johnson City, TN, USA; July 2014.

    55)  Durocher, BE, MH Harwood, Drum, SNWatts, PBMoore, MT. The acute cardiovascular and inflammatory responses to ultramarathon and marathon. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Orlando, FL, June, 2014.

    56)  Bellovary, B, Drum, SNJensen, RL. A Performance Profile Related to Building Elite Fitness in Male Competitors. Presented at American College of Sports Medicine; Orlando, FL, USA; May, 2014.

    57)  Durocher, BE, MH Harwood, Edwards, JC, Drum, SN, Durocher, JJ. Influence of intensity on acute aortic pulse pressure and central arterial stiffness in long-distance runners. Presented at Experimental Biology Conference, San Diego, CA. April 2014.

    58)  Watts, PB and Ostrowski, ML. Oxygen uptake and energy expenditure for children during rock climbing activity. Journal of Pediatric Exercise Science 2014; 26(1), 49-55.

    59)  Vieten MM, Sehle A, Jensen RL. A novel approach to quantify time series differences of gait data using attractor attributes. PLoS ONE 8(8): e71824. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071824; 2013 http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0071824

    60)  Denherder, A, and Drum, SN. Efficacy of self-myofascial release interventions on recovery between acute, maximal bouts of exercise: a pilot study. Oral presentation, Midwest American College of Sports Medicine Regional Conference, Merrillville, IN. November 2013.

    61)  Moore, MT, Feuerherd, R. Dynamic Balance decreased in postdromal migraineurs compared to non-migraine controls. Journal of Headache and Pain 2013; 53: 1 (Suppl 1):p73. http://www.thejournalofheadacheandpain.com/content/pdf/1129-2377-1-S1-P73

    62)  Moore, MT, Covassin T, Pfeiffer, KA, Norris, RE, Jensen, RL & Branta, CF. (2013). Neurocognitive function declines following migraine headache in college students. Journal of Headache and Pain 2013; 53:1 (Suppl 1):p74. http://www.thejournalofheadacheandpain.com/content/1/S1/P74

    63)  Drum, SN and Clark, HM. Physiological change in experienced adolescent distance runners after 12-days of training and living at altitude. Presented at Rocky Mountain American College of Sports Medicine Regional Conference, Colorado Springs, CO; May 2013

    64)  Weatherwax, R, and Drum, SN. Increased ejection fraction during and after chemotherapy in a breast cancer survivor: a case study. Presented at Rocky Mountain American College of Sports Medicine Regional Conference, Denver, CO April 2013.

    65)  Moore, MTRochester, JR. Students Perception of Peer Video Assignment. Athletic Training Educators Journal Supplement. 2013 Volume 8, Issue 1, pg 7.

    66)  Moore MT, Daniels E, Dixon, JB. A comparison of body fat, lean muscle mass and max vertical jump height in Olympic level athletes. Journal of Athletic Training; 2013; 48 (3) S158. http://dx.doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-48.3.s1

    67)  Drum, SN. Run the U.P. at the Marquette 50. TrailRunner. February 2013 (#87).

    68)  Jensen, RL, Ebben, WP, Petushek, EJ, Moran, K, O’Connor, NE, Richter, C. Continuous waveform analysis of force, velocity, and power adaptations to a periodized plyometric training program. In Proceedings of XXXI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Shiang, T-Y, Ho, W-H, Huang, PC, Tsai, C-L; Editors) Taipei, Taiwan; July 2013 https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/view/5700/5190

    69)  Mauz, D, Jensen, RL, Falk Naundorf , F, Chris Richter, C, Manfred Vieten, M. Kinematic adjustments during successful and unsuccessful wolf jumps on the balance beam. In Proceedings of XXXI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Shiang, T-Y, Ho, W-H, Huang, PC, Tsai, C-L; Editors) Taipei, Taiwan; July 2013. https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/view/5690/5181

    70)  Watts, PB, Espan͂ a-Romero, V, Ostrowski, ML, Jensen, RL. Change in geometric entropy and energy expenditure with repeated ascents in rock climbing. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; Indianapolis, IN; June, 2013.

    71)  Moore, MT. Migraines, Headaches and Concussions: What are the common links? Great Lakes Athletic Trainers Association Annual 45th Annual Symposium. Wheeling, IL. 2013 http://www.glata.org/documents/filelibrary/glata_2013_presentations/Migr... cussions_8925A7EB204B3.pdf

    72)  Moore, MTRochester, JR. (2013). Students Perceptions of Peer Video Assignment. Presented at the National Athletic Trainers Educators Conference 5th Biannual Conference.

    73)  Moore MT, Daniels E, Dixon, JB. A comparison of body fat, lean muscle mass and max vertical jump height in Olympic level athletes. National Athletic Trainers 64th Annual Conference. Las Vegas. 2013

    74)  Joubert, LM. Homocysteine, Exercise and Nutrition. Rocky Mountain Chapter, American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, Denver, CO; April, 2013

    75)  Kane, DA, MacKenzie, SJ, Jensen, RLWatts, PB. Effects of Stroke Resistance on Rowing Economy in Club Rowers Post-Season. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2013; 34(02): 131-137. Featured article http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1321721

    76)  Moore, MT, Covassin, TM, Pfieffer, KA, Norris, R, Jensen, RL, Branta, C. Neurocognitive Function Declines following Migraine Headache in College Students. European Headache and Migraine Trust International Congress. London, UK. September 2012.

    77)  Petushek, EJ, Richter, C, Donovan, D, Ebben, WP, Watts, PBJensen, RL. Comparison of countermovement jump and landing knee flexion angle using 2D video and electrogoniometry. Sports Engineering. 2012; 15 (3) 159-166.

    78)  Stephenson, ML, Leissring, SK, Bellovary, B, Wolfe, AR, Glendenning, C, Purdy, E, Hagner, BM, Petushek, EJ, Jensen, RL. Reliability of knee joint measures in a cutting movement. Proceedings of XXX Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Bradshaw, EJ, Burnett, A, Hume, PA, editors). 2012; 117-119 https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/view/5226/4801.

    79)  Purdy, E, Hurley, NT, Bengry, A, Jensen, RL. Force and time analysis of backstroke to breaststroke turns. Proceedings of XXX Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Bradshaw, EJ, Burnett, A, Hume, PA, editors). 2012; 196-199 https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/view/5263/4837.

    80)  Jensen, RL, Leissring, SK, Stephenson, ML, Wolfe, AR, Bellovary, B, Glendenning, C, Purdy, E, Hagner, BM, Petushek, EJ. Effect of acute feedback on knee angle and moments during a horizontal land and cut maneuver. Proceedings of XXX Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Bradshaw, EJ, Burnett, A, Hume, PA, editors). 2012; 282-285 https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/view/5284/4858.

    81)  Watts, PB, Burger, ME and Dalgord, JE. Effect of High-Intensity Interval Training on Stride Distance During Treadmill Double-Pole Roller-Skiing. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, June, 2012.

    82)  España-Romero, V and Watts, PB. Strength: volume ratio for the forearm in climbers and non-climbers. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, June, 2012.

    83)  Bellovary, B, Glendenning, C, Wolfe, AR, Petushek, EJ, Leissring, SK, Stephenson, ML, Purdy, E, Hagner, BE, Jensen, RL. Comparison of Isotonic and Isokinetic measurements of extension/flexion strength and Quadriceps-Hamstring ratio. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; San Francisco, CA; May, 2012.

    84)  Jensen, RL, Leissring, SK, Petushek, EJ, Ebben, WP, C. Richter. Analysis of jumping technique via functional principal components data analysis versus peak ground reaction force. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; San Francisco, CA; May, 2012

    85)  Leissring SK, Stephenson, ML, Petushek, EJ, Bellovary, B, Wolfe, AR, Glendenning, C, Purdy, E, Hagner, B, Jensen, RL. Effect of Acute Feedback on Landing Patterns in a Horizontal Land and Cut Maneuver. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; San Francisco, CA; May, 2012.

    86)  Petushek, EJ, Roemer, R, Hamlin, B, Ebben, WP, Carlson, B, Mallo, C, Tysz, A, Jensen, RL. The Effect of a Dynamic and Static Start on Snatch Pull Technique and Performance. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; San Francisco, CA; May, 2012.

    87)  Moore, MT, Covassin T, Pfeiffer, KA, Norris, RE, Jensen, RL, Branta, C.F. (2012). Neurocognitive Function Declines Following Migraine Headache in College Students. Presentation at European Headache and Migraine Trust International Congress. September 20-23, 2012. London, United Kingdom.

    88)  Moore, MT, Feuerherd, R. (2012). Dynamic Balance decreased in postdromal migraineurs compared to non-migraine controls. Poster Presentation at European Headache and Migraine Trust International Congress. September 20-23, 2012. London, United Kingdom.

    89)  España-Romero, V, Jensen, RL, Sanchez, X, Ostrowski, ML, Szekely, JE, Watts, PB. Changes in rock climbing energy expenditure with repeated ascents over a 10-week period. European Journal of Applied Physiology. Eur J Appl Physiol, 112(3), 821-828, 2012.

    90)  Moore, MT, Covassin T, Pfeiffer, KA, Norris, RE, Jensen, RL, Branta, CF. The effects of migraine headache and physical activity on cognitive function. ProQuest UMI; 2011

    91)  Leissring, SK, Jensen, RL, Tervo, JL, Watts, PB. Onset and offset of rectus femoris activation during double poling ergometry in two positions: standing vs. sitting. Portuguese Journal of Sports Sciences. 2011; 11 (Suppl. 2) 747-750.

    92)  Jensen, RL, Furlong, L-AM, Graham, D, Harrison, AJ. Reliability of jump and performance measures in rugby union players. Portuguese Journal of Sports Sciences. 2011; 11 (Suppl. 2) 93-96.

    93)  Stephenson, ML, Ebben, WP, Flanagan, EP, Jensen, RL. Contact time, jump height, and reactive strength index during drop jumps in water, on padded and non-padded conditions. Portuguese Journal of Sports Sciences. 2011; 11 (Suppl. 2) 941-944.

    94)  Ewbank, PT & Jensen, RL. Change in trunk muscle activity during incline treadmill running. Portuguese Journal of Sports Sciences. 2011; 11 (Suppl. 2) 487-490.

    95)  Petushek, EJ, Richter, C, Donovan, D, Ebben, WP, Jensen, RL. Comparison of tibial impact accelerations: video vs accelerometer. Portuguese Journal of Sports Sciences. 2011; 11 (Suppl. 2) 609-612.

    96)  Ostrowski, ML, Espana-Romero, V, Jensen, RL, Sanchez, X, Szekely, JE, Watts, PB. Effects of rock climbing route ascent and route familiarity on handgrip and finger-curl force. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2011; 43(5): S657.

    97)  Petushek, EJ, Richter, C, Ebben, WP, Donovan, D, Jensen, RL. Validation of electrogoniometry for the assessment of countermovement jump and landing knee angle. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2011; 43(5): .

    98)  Watts, PBJensen, RL, Ostrowski. ML, Sanchez, X, Szekely, JE, Espana-Romero, V. (2011) Effect of route repetition on energy expenditure in rock climbing. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2011; 43(5): S657-658.

    99)  Jensen, RL, Leissring, SK, Tervo, JL, Watts, PB. Joint ROM during standing and seated double pole ergometry. In Book of Abstracts 5th International Congress on Science in Skiing; (Müller, E, Lindinger, S, Stöggl, T, Pfusterschmied, J, editors); Dept. of Sports Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg, Austria. 2010; 158.

    100)  Jensen, RL, Ebben, WP, Petushek, EJ, Richter, C, and Roemer, K, editors. Proceedings of the 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. Marquette, MI: Northern Michigan University. 2010; ISSN 1999-4168 http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa

    101)  Tervo, JL, Watts, PB, and Jensen, RL. Electromyographical analysis of double pole ergometry: Standing vs. sitting. In Proceedings of the 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Jensen, RL, Ebben, WP, Petushek, EJ, Richter, C, and Roemer, K, editors). 2010; 136-139. http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/4606/4293

    102)  Leissring, SK, Petushek, EJ, Stephenson, ML, Jensen, RL. Relationship of ground reaction and knee joint reaction forces in plyometric exercises. In Proceedings of the 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Jensen, RL, Ebben, WP, Petushek, EJ, Richter, C, and Roemer, K, editors). 2010; 152-155. http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/4420/4110

    103)  Ebben, WP, Flanagan, EP, Sansom, JK, Petushek, EJ, Jensen, RL. Ground reaction forces of variations of plyometric exercises on hard surfaces, padded surfaces and water. In Proceedings of the 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Jensen, RL, Ebben, WP, Petushek, EJ, Richter, C, and Roemer, K, editors). 2010; 533- 536. http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/4512/4200

    104)  Matthew, CL & Jensen, RL. The effects of a cloth wrap in stabilization of the ankle. In Proceedings of the 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Jensen, RL, Ebben, WP, Petushek, EJ, Richter, C, and Roemer, K, editors). 2010; 630- 633. http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/4544/4231

    105)  Lewis, MKD, Abe, S, Malliah, K, Malin, PL, Jensen, RL. Hamstring muscle activation differences between genders while performing single leg landings. In Proceedings of the 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Jensen, RL, Ebben, WP, Petushek, EJ, Richter, C, and Roemer, K, editors). 2010; 638-641. http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/4546/4233

    106)  McGowan, BJ, Jensen, RL, Petushek, EJ. Differences in RSI and peak ground reaction force for drop rebound jumps from a hang and box for female subjects. In Proceedings of the 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Jensen, RL, Ebben, WP, Petushek, EJ, Richter, C, and Roemer, K, editors). 2010; 781-784. http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/4590/4277

    107)  Moore, MT. "Mechanism, Prevention and Treatment of Common Injuries in Youth Sports" Presented at Michigan Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Annual State Convention. November 11, 2010.

    108)  Moore, MT. "Lower Body Youth Sports Injuries, Mechanism, Prevention and Treatment" Presented at Michigan Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Annual State Convention. November 12, 2010.

    109)  Moore, MT." Upper Body Youth Sports Injuries, Mechanism, Prevention and Treatment" Presented at Michigan Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Annual State Convention. November 13, 2010.

    110)  Ebben, WP, Long, NJ, Pawlowski, ZD, Chmielewski, LD, Clewien, RW, Jensen, RL. Using squat repetition maximum testing to determine hamstring resistance training exercise loads. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2010; 24(2): 293-299.

    111)  Jensen, RL, Balasubramani, S, Burley, KC, Kaukola, DR, LaChapelle, JA. Reliability of a digital method to determine frontal area of a cyclist. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. 2010; 14(1): 1-7.

    112)  Watts, PB and Ostrowski, ML. Energy expenditure in children during rock climbing activity. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine. Seattle, May, 2009.

    113)  Abe, S and Jensen, RL. Effect of ski boot tightness on shock attenuation time and joint angle with anterior-posterior foot positioning in drop landings. In Proceedings of the XXVII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Harrison, AJ, Anderson, R, Kenny, I, editors). 2009; 310-313.

    114)  Kaliyamoorthy, M and Jensen, RL. Reliability of time to stabilization in single leg standing. In Proceedings of the XXVII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Harrison, AJ, Anderson, R, Kenny, I, editors). 2009; 346-349.

    115)  Kaliyamoorthy, M, Watts, PBJensen, RL, LaChapelle, JA. Effect of fatigue on dynamic balance after maximum intensity cross country skiing. In Proceedings of the XXVII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Harrison, AJ, Anderson, R, Kenny, I, editors). 2009; 350.

    116)  Jensen, RL, Leissring, SK, Garceau, LR, Petushek, EJ, Ebben, WP. Quantifying the onset of the concentric phase of the force–time record during jumping. In Proceedings of the XXVII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Harrison, AJ, Anderson, R, Kenny, I, editors). 2009 417-420.

    117)  Leissring, SK, Ebben, WP, Garceau, LR, Petushek, EJ, Jensen, RL. Reliability of forces during variations of plyometric exercises. In Proceedings of the XXVII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Harrison, AJ, Anderson, R, Kenny, I, editors). 2009; 476-479.

    118)  Abe, S, Lewis, MKD, Malliah, K, Malin, PL, Jensen, RL. Effect of bilateral or single leg landing on knee kinematics. In Proceedings of the XXVII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Harrison, AJ, Anderson, R, Kenny, I, editors). 2009; 488.

    119)  Flanagan, EP, Jensen, RL, Harrison, AJ, Rickaby, D. The effect of fatigue on reactive strength in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed individuals. In Proceedings of the XXVII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Harrison, AJ, Anderson, R, Kenny, I, editors). 2009; 553-556. Winner of the New Investigator Award.

    120)  Tervo, JL and R.L Jensen, RL. Peak velocity of Nordic ski double pole technique: Stand-up vs. Sit skiing. In Proceedings of the XXVII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (R. Anderson, D. Harrison & I. Kenny, editors). 2009; 737.

    121)  Jensen, RL. Measurement techniques in assessing athletic power. In Proceedings of the XXVII Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Harrison, AJ, Anderson, R, Kenny, I, editors). 2009; 898-901.

    122)  Conner, W, Moore, MT. Bringing it back together: The Northern Michigan PETE model. Michigan Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Annual State Convention. November 2009.

    123)  Bowen, RS, Jensen, RL, Ryan, JM, Watts, PB. Modeling oxygen uptake during V1 treadmill roller skiing. International Journal of Exercise Science. 2009; 2(1): 48-59.

    124)  Ebben, WP, Flanagan, EP, Jensen, RL. Bilateral facilitation and laterality during the countermovement jump. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 2009; 108, 251-258.

    125)  Flanagan, EP, Ebben, WP, Jensen, RL. Reliability of the reactive strength index and time to stabilization during plyometric depth jumps. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2008; 22(5): 1677-1682.

    126)  Watts, PB, Gannon, E, Jensen, RL, Kobeinia, R, Maynard, J, Sansom, J. EMG responses in rock climbing using six hand positions. International Journal of Exercise Science. 2008; 1(1): 4-13.

    127)  Watts, PBJensen, RL, Agena, SM, Majchrzak, JA, Schellinger, RA, Wubbels, CS. Changes in EMG and finger force with repeated hangs from the hands in rock climbers. International Journal of Exercise Science. 2008; 1(2): 62-70.

    128)  Ebben, WP, Simenz, C, Jensen, RL. Evaluation of plyometric intensity using electromyography. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2008; 22(3): 861-868.

    129)  Kane, D, Watts, PBJensen, RL, Williams, S. Effects of Two Drag Factors on Selected Physiological Variables in an Incremental Rowing Ergometer Test. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2008; 29: 390-394.

    130)  Jensen, RL, Flanagan, EP, Ebben, WP. Rate of force development and time to peak force during plyometric exercises. In Proceedings of the XXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Y.-H. Kwon, Y-H, Shim, J, Shim, JK, and Shin, I-S, editors). 2008; 199-202.

    131)  McCutcheon, MJ, Jensen, RL, Marlor, RA, Watts, PB. Energy economy: effect of lateral pedal width variations relative to Q-angle in avid cyclists. In Proceedings of the XXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Y.-H. Kwon, Y-H, Shim, J, Shim, JK, and Shin, I-S, editors). 2008; 316-319.

    132)  Jensen, RL, Flanagan, EP, Jensen, NL, Ebben, WP. Kinetic responses during landings of plyometric exercises. In Proceedings of the XXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Y.-H. Kwon, Y-H, Shim, J, Shim, JK, and Shin, I-S, editors). 2008; 393-396.

    133)  Abe, S, Jensen, RL, Malin, PL, Watts, PB. Joint angle changes with varied foot positioning in rock climbing. In Proceedings of the XXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports; (Y.-H. Kwon, Y-H, Shim, J, Shim, JK, and Shin, I-S, editors). 2008; 390-392.

    134)  Malin, PL, Abe, S, Jensen, RLWatts, PB. Reliability of joint angle movements during rock climbing. Proceedings of the North American Congress on Biomechanics. 2008; http://www.x-cdtech.com/nacob/Abstracts/359.pdf.

    135)  Jensen, RL & Ebben, WP. Quantifying plyometric intensity via rate of force development, knee joint and ground reaction forces. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2007; 21(3): 763-767.

    136)  Ebben, WP, Flanagan, E, Jensen, RL Gender similarities in rate of force development and time to takeoff during the countermovement jump. Journal of Exercise Physiologyonline. 2007; 10(6):10-17.

    137)  Jensen, RL & Ebben, WP. Quantifying plyometric intensity via rate of force development, knee joint and ground reaction forces. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2007; 21(3): 763-767.

    138)  McGinley, C, Jensen, RL, Byrne, C, Shafat, A. Early phase strength gains during traditional resistance training to an upper-body air-resistance training device. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2007; 21(2): 621-627.

    139)  Dompier TP, Powell JW, Barron MJ, Moore MT, Malina RM. Validation of a Noninvasive Method of Maturity Estimation relative to Skeletal Age in Youth Football Players. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, 2007, 17(5): 362-368.

    140)  Dompier TP, Powell JW, Barron MJ, Moore MT. Time-loss and non-time-loss injuries in youth football players. Journal of Athletic Training, 2007, 42(3), 395-402.

    141)  Comyns, TM, Harrison, AJ, Hennessy, L, Jensen, RL. (2007) The determination of the optimal complex training resistive load in male rugby players. Sport Biomechanics. 2007; 6(1): 59-70.

    142)  Crockett, BA & Jensen, RL. Relationship of knee extension strength, flexibility and anthropometric variables to alpine ski racing success. In Abstract Book of the 4th International Congress on Science in Skiing; (Müller, E, Lindinger, S, Stöggl, T, Fastenbauer, V, editors). 2007; 166.

    143)  Jensen, RL, Fjeldheim, S, Ryan, J, Watts, PB. Recovery heart rate during graded stage testing. In Abstract Book of the 4th International Congress on Science in Skiing; (Müller, E, Lindinger, S, Stöggl, T, Fastenbauer, V, editors). 2007; 169.

    144)  Jensen, RL, Balasubramani, S, Brennan, G, Burley KC, Kaukola, DR, LaChapelle, JA, Shafat, A. Power output, muscle activity, and frontal area of a cyclist in different cycling positions. In Proceedings of the XXV International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports; (H.J. Menzel & M.H. Chagas editors). 2007; 172-176.

    145)  Jensen, RL, Balasubramani, S, Burley KC, Kaukola, DR, LaChapelle, JA, Anderson, RA. Reliability of a digital method to determine frontal area of a cyclist. In Proceedings of the XXV International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports; (H.J. Menzel & M.H. Chagas editors). 2007; 398-401.

    146)  Moore, MT. Migraines in Athletics. Presentation at NMU Sports Medicine Conference. June 2007.

    147)  Flanagan, EP, Ebben, WP, Jensen, RL. Reliability of the reactive strength index and time to stabilization during depth jumps. In Proceedings of the XXV International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports; (H.J. Menzel & M.H. Chagas editors). 2007; 509-512. Winner of the New Investigator Award.

    148)  Crockett, BA & Jensen, RL. Kinematic analysis and muscular activity of skateboard propulsion in experienced participants. In Proceedings of the XXV International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports; (H.J. Menzel & M.H. Chagas editors). 2007; 602.

    149)  Kralik, MA & Jensen, RL. Force output and hip movement while flutter kicking with variations of kickboard support. In Proceedings of the XXV International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports; (H.J. Menzel & M.H. Chagas editors). 2007; 664-667.

    150)  Bowen, RS, Ryan, JM, Jensen, RLWatts, PB. Linear regression analysis for prediction of VO2 during treadmill roller skiing using the V1 technique. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise. 2007; 39(5):S345.

    151)  Comyns, TM, Harrison, AJ, Hennessy, L, Jensen, RL. The optimal complex training rest interval for athletes from anaerobic sports. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2006; 20 (3) 471-476.

    152)  Watts, PB, Ryan, JM, Jensen, RL. Changes in Technique-Specific VO2max and competitive Performance over a Season in collegiate cross-country skiers. Presented at the International Congress on Science and Nordic Skiing. Voukatti, Finland. June, 2006.

    153)  Jensen, RL, Bowen, RS, Fjeldheim, SJ, Halloran, ML, Peck, SK, Ryan, JM, Watts, PB. Comparison of the lactate-heart rate relationship during treadmill roller-skiing and on-snow cross country skiing. Presented at the International Congress on Science and Nordic Skiing. Voukatti, Finland. June, 2006.

    154)  Bowen, RS, Jensen, RLWatts, PB. Relationship between ankle dorsiflexion and kinematic variables during treadmill roller skiing. Presented at the International Congress on Science and Nordic Skiing. Voukatti, Finland. June, 2006.

    155)  Cole, K, Watts, PBJensen, RL, Teeters, CE. The effects of backpack loading styles on energy expenditure and movement in the sagittal plane during treadmill walking. In Proceedings of the XXIV International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports; Salzburg (Schwameder, H, Strutzenberger, G, Fastenberger, V, Lindinger, S, Müller, E, editors). 2006; 633-666.

    156)  Jensen, BR, Jensen, RLWatts, PB, Jensen, DL. Effects of added weight on oxygen uptake power output, and heart rate during uphill cycling: treadmill versus over-ground. In Proceedings of the XXIV International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports; Salzburg (Schwameder, H, Strutzenberger, G, Fastenberger, V, Lindinger, S, Müller, E, editors). 2006; 646-649.

    157)  Dompier TP, Powell JW, Barron MJ, Moore MT, Malina RM. Analysis of time-loss and non-time-loss injuries among youth football players. Journal of Athletic Training Supplement. Spring 2005.

    158)  Barron, MJ, Branta CF, Powell JW, Ewing ME, Gould DR, Maier KS, Malina RM, Moore MT, Dompier TP, Morano PJ, Miller SJ: Effects PREPARE Injury Prevention Program's Gradual Activity Plan on the Time Loss Injury Rate in Youth Football. Journal of Athletic Training Supplement. Spring 2006.

    159)  Moore MT, Powell JW, Covassin TM, Barron MJ, Dompier TP, Malina, RM, Morano, PJ, Miller, SJ. The Effects of Injury on Perceived Risk in Youth Football. Journal of Athletic Training Supplement. Spring 2006.

    160)  Barron, MJ, Branta CF, Powell JW, Ewing ME, Gould DR, Maier KS, Malina RM, Moore MT, Dompier TP, Morano PJ, Miller SJ. Effects of PREPARE Injury Prevention Program's Gradual Activity Plan on the Non Time Loss Injury Rate in Youth Football. Presented at GLATA Conference March 2006.

    161)  Dompier TP, Powell JW, Barron MJ, Moore MT. Construct Validity of a Noninvasive Method of Maturity Estimation in Youth Football Players. Journal of Athletic Training Supplement. Spring 2006.

    162)  Harrison, AJ, Jensen, RL, Donoghue, O. A comparison of laser and video techniques for determining velocity during running. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. 2005; 9 (4): 219-231.

    163)  Jensen, RLWatts, PB, Lawrence, JE, Moss, DM, Wagonsomer, JM. Vertical hand force and forearm EMG during a High-step Rock-on climbing move with and without added mass. In Proceedings of the XXIII International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports (Qing Wang, editor). 2005; 466-469.

    164)  Jensen, RL & Ebben, WP. Ground and knee joint reaction forces during variations of plyometric exercises. In Proceedings of the XXIII International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports (Qing Wang, editor). 2005; 373-376.

    165)  Lawrence, JE, Jensen, RLWatts, PB. Quantification of drop jumps for training implications. In Proceedings of the XXIII International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports (Qing Wang, editor). 2005; 506-509.

    166)  Bowen, RS, Jensen, RLWatts, PB. Effects of dorsiflexion on energy expenditure during cross-country skiing using the V1 skate technique. In Proceedings of the XXIII International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports (Qing Wang, editor). 2005; 349.

    167)  Watts, PBJensen, RL, Moss, DM, Wagonsomer, JA, Lawrence, JE. Vertical hand force and forearm EMG during a rock climbing move with and without added mass. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2005; 37(5):S123.

    168)  Harrison, AJ, Jensen, RL, Donoghue, O. Reliability and validity of laser distance and velocity determination during running. In Proceedings of the XXII International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports (Lamontagne, M, Robertson, DGE, Sveistrup, H, editors). 2004; 39-42. http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/1071/1139

    169)  Jensen, RL, Begg, BJ, Butler, PG, Egan, BM, Fitzgerald, LE, Keane, SC. Effects of static stretching on maximal isokinetic torque. In Proceedings of the XXII International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports (Lamontagne, M, Robertson, DGE, Sveistrup, H, editors). 2004; 51-53. http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/1078/1144

    170)  Harrison, AJ, Jensen, RL, McCabe, CB. The effects of sand dune and hill running on lower limb kinematics and running speed in elite sprinters. In Proceedings of the XXII International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports (Lamontagne, M, Robertson, DGE, Sveistrup, H, editors) 87-90. http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/1089/1157

    171)  Lawrence, JE, Jensen, RL, Koskiniemi, M. Electromyographic quadriceps/hamstring ratios during drop jumps. In Proceedings of the XXII International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports (Lamontagne, M, Robertson, DGE, Sveistrup, H, editors). 2004; 425-428.

    172)  Watts, PB & Jensen, RL, et al. Changes in EMG and Finger Force With Repeated Hangs from the Hands in Rock Climbers. (Abst) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2004; 36(5):S167.

    173)  Watts, PB. Physiology of difficult rock climbing: a review. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2004; 91:361-372.

    174)  Lawrence, JE, Jensen, RL, Rolling, JJ. Reliability of peak vertical drop jump forces. American Society of Biomechanics Upper Midwest Student Regional Meeting, Minneapolis, MN; November, 2004.

    175)  Rolling, JJ & Jensen, RL. Calibration of a Nordic camber gauge. American Society of Biomechanics Upper Midwest Student Regional Meeting, Minneapolis, MN; November, 2004.

    176)  Shafat, A, Butler, P, Jensen, RL, Donnelly, AE. Effects of dietary supplementation with vitamins C and E on muscle function during and after eccentric contractions in humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2004; 93: 196 -202.

    177)  Moore MT, Hess RA. The effects of aquatic balance training on core stability in individuals with chronically unstable ankles. Journal of Athletic Training Supplement. 2004, 39:2, S-97.

    178)  Fischer, SL, Watts, PBJensen, RLNelson, J. Energy expenditure, heart rate response, and metabolic equivalents (METs) of adults taking part in children’s games. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2004; 44:398-403.

    179)  Watts, PB & Jensen, RL. (2003) Reliability of peak forces during a finger curl motion common in rock climbing. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. 2003; 7(4):263-267.

    180)  Watts, PB, Joubert, LM, Lish, AK, Mast, JD, Wilkins, B. Anthropometry of young competitive sport rock climbers. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2003; 37:420-424.

    181)  Jensen, RL, Harrison, AJ, Barrett, UM. Developmental scaling of the power velocity relationship. Am. Society of Biomechanics, Toledo, OH, Sept. 2003.

    182)  Jensen, RL & Ebben, WP. Effect of complex training rest interval on vertical jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2003; 17: 345-349.

    183)  Biwer, CJ, Jensen, RL, W.D. Schmidt, Watts, PB. The effect of creatine on treadmill running with high intensity intervals. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2003; 17: 439-445.

    184)  Jensen, RL & Ebben, WP. Impulses and ground reaction forces at progressive intensities of weightlifting variations. In Proceedings of the XX International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports (Gianikellis, KE, editor). 2002; 222-225.

    185)  Ebben, WP & Jensen, RL. Electromyographic and kinetic analysis of traditional, chain and elastic band squats. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.2002; 16: 547-550.

    186)  Watts, PB.Physiology of Rock Climbing – An Update. Opening Keynote Address at the 2nd International Conference on Science and Technology in Climbing and Mountaineering, Leeds, England. 2002.

    187)  Jensen, RL & Ebben, WP. Effects of plyometrics variations on jumping impulse. American College of Sports Medicine St. Louis, MO; May, 2002.

    188)  Ebben, WP & Jensen, RL. Kinetic analysis of complex training rest interval effect on vertical jump performance. American College of Sports Medicine St. Louis, MO; May, 2002.

    189)  Ebben, WP & Jensen, RL. Quantification of hang clean and snatch ground reaction forces at a variety of intensities. National Strength and Conditioning Association, Las Vegas, NV; July 2002.

    190)  Maynard, JS, Ebben, WP, Jensen, RL. The effect of antagonist pre-fatigue on agonist torque and electromyography. National Strength and Conditioning Association, Las Vegas, NV; July 2002.

    191)  Jensen, RL & Barinotti, SA. Comparison of ground-reaction forces while kicking a stationary and non-stationary soccer ball. In Proceedings of the XIX International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports, Vol 1 (Blackwell, J, editor) 2001; 238-241.

    192)  Ebben, WP, Leigh, DS, Jensen, RL. The role of the back squat as a hamstring training stimulus. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 2000; 22 (5): 15-17.

    193)  Watts, PB, Daggett, M, Gallagher, P, Wilkins, B. Metabolic responses during sport rock climbing and the effects of active versus passive recovery. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2000; 21:185-190.

    194)  Gannon, EK, Jensen, RLWatts, PB. Relationship of abdominal accessory muscle strength and endurance to pulmonary function. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2000; 32(5):S146.

    195)  Watts, PB and Joubert, LM. Relationships between anthropometry and performance in junior sport rock climbers. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2000; 32(5):S180.

    196)  Joubert, LM, Watts, PBJensen, RL. Effect of hypohydration on the blood lactate response to submaximal graded exercise in females. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2000; 32(5):S357.

    197)  Jensen, RL & Ebben, WP. Variations of back squat loading result in dissimilar ground reaction forces, but similar electromyographic responses. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2000; 32(5):S366.

    198)  Jensen, RL & Ebben, WP. Hamstring electromyographic response of the back squat at different knee angles during eccentric and concentric phases. In Proceedings of the XVIII International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports, Vol 1 (Hong, Y and Johns, DP, editors). 2000; 158-161.

    199)  Jensen, RL and Auriemmo, A. A comparison of three grip styles on grip endurance. National Strength and Conditioning Association; Orlando FL. July 2000.

    200)  Auriemmo, A, Jensen, RLWatts, PBNelson, J. The effect of an overload warm-up on work completed during a bench press test. National Strength and Conditioning Association; Orlando FL. July 2000

    201)  Watts, PB, Gannon, E, Kobeinia, R, Maynard, J, Sansom, J, Jensen, RL. (1999) EMG responses in rock climbing using six hand positions. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 31(S169):S169, 1999.

    202)  R.L. Jensen, D.O. Blackard, W.P. Ebben, W.P. McLaughlin, P.B. Watts (1999). Kinetic and electromyographic analysis of combined strength and plyometric training in women basketball players. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 31(5):S193.

    203)  Harney, RG and P.B. Watts, PB. The effects of relief-interval target heart rate on maximal-intensity intermittent exercise. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1999; 31(5):S258.

    204)  Ebben, WP, Blackard, DO, Jensen, RLWatts, PB. Analyses of complex training exercise via EMG and ground reaction forces. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1999; 31(5):S356.

    205)  Blackard, DO, Jensen, RL, Ebben, WP. Challenging kinetic chain terminology through analysis of EMG values during biomechanically comparable exercises. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1999; 31:443-448.

    206)  Gannon, EK and Jensen, RL. Reliability of peak forces during isometric curl-ups in a population of 50-84 year olds. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. 1999; 3: 101-106.

    207)  Ebben, WP, Blackard, DO, Jensen, RL. Quantification of medicine ball vertical impact forces: Estimating effective training loads. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 1999; 13: 271-274.

    208)  Watts, PB. Physiological Aspects of Sport Rock Climbing. Opening Keynote Address at the 1st International Conference on Science and Technology in Climbing and Mountaineering, Leeds, England. Published in: Messenger, N. et al. The Science of Climbing and Mountaineering. Human Kinetics, 2000.

    209)  Watts, PB, Coleman, B, Clure, C, et al. Metabolic and cardiovascular responses duringwork on a high ropes course. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 1999; 39:37-41.

    210)  Ebben, WP & Jensen, RL. Biomechanical analysis of various methods and depths of the Back Squat. Keynote Address at Wisconsin Strength and Conditioning Association; Milwaukee, WI. October 1999

    211)  Watts, PB, Drobish, KM. Physiological responses to simulated rock climbing at different angles. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1998; 30(7):1118- 1122.

    212)  Ebben, WP & Jensen, RL. Strength training for women: Debunking myths that block opportunity. Physician and Sportsmedicine, 1998; 26(5): 86-97.

    213)  Ebben, WP, and Watts, PB. A review of combined weight training and plyometric training modes: complex training. Strength and Conditioning. 1998; 20(5):18-27.

    214)  Mercer, JA & Jensen, RL. Heart rates at equivalent submaximal VO2 rates do not differ between deep water running and treadmill running. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 1998; 12: 161-165.

    215)  Brill, PA, Jensen, RL, Koltyn, KF, Morrow, JR, Jr, Jackson, AW, Keller, MJ, Morgan, LA. The feasibility of conducting a group-based progressive strength training program in residents of a multi-level care facility. Activities, Adaptation and Aging. 1998; 22: 53-64.

    216)  Gannon, E, Jensen, RL, Harney, R, Kobienia, R, Watts, PB. VO2 vs work rate slope is affected by stage duration during intermittent incremental exercise. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1998; 30(5):S55.

    217)  Harney, R, Jensen, RL, Gannon, EK. Biomechanical evaluation of a lumbar extension bench. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1998; 30(5):S124.

    218)  Watts, PBJensen, RL, Gannon, E, Harney, R, Kobienia, R. Protocol stage duration effect on lactate threshold during intermittent cycle ergometry. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1998; 30(5):S327.

    219)  Gallagher, PM, Daggett, M, Jensen, RLWatts, PB. Physiological comparison of armvs leg vs combined arm and leg exercise during modified rowing. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1998; 30(5):S78.

    220)  Jensen, RL, Ebben, WP, Gannon, E, Harney, R, Kobeinia, R, Maynard, J, Watts, PB. Effect of added weight on heart rate and VO2 during uphill bicycling overground versus on a treadmill. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1998; 30(5):S58.

    221)  Daggett, M, Jensen, RL, Gallagher, P, Watts, PB. Physiological responses elicited by varied terrain while riding a mountain bicycle. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1997; 29(5):S187.

    222)  Watts, PB, Daggett, M, Gallagher, P, Wilkins. B. Continuous assessment of oxygen uptake during and after difficult sport rock climbing. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1997; 29(5):S223.

    223)  Gallagher, P, Daggett, M, Wilkins, B, Watts, PB. Effects of sport rock climbing and active vs passive recovery on hand grip force and blood lactate. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1997; 29(5):S223.

    224)  Jensen, RL, Daggett, M, Gallagher, P, Wilkins, B. The reliability and validity of the CaltracTM activity monitor during stationary cycling at 60 and 90 rpm. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1997; 29(5):S45.

    225)  Jensen, RL, Freedson, PS, Hamill, J. (1996) The prediction of power and efficiency during near-maximal rowing. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 1996; 73: 98-104.

    226)  Jackson, AW, Morrow, JR, Jr, Jensen, RL, Jones, NA, Schultes, SS. Reliability of the Prudential FITNESSGRAM trunk lift test in young adults. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 1996; 67: 115-117.

    227)  Mercer, JA & Jensen, RL. Reliability and validity of a deep water running graded exercise test. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. 1996; 1: 213-222.

    228)  Watts, PB, Newbury, VS, Sulentic, JE. Acute changes in handgrip strength, endurance, and blood lactate with sustained sport rock climbing. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 1996; 36:255-260.

    229)  Jensen, RL, Miller, AS, Ayala, R. The reliability and validity of the CaltracTM activity monitor during stationary cycling. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1996; 28(5):S17.

    230)  Morrow, JR, Jr, Caughlin, R, Windham, A, Jensen, RL. The reliability and validity of the CaltracTM activity monitor during circuit weight training. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1996; 28(5):S33.

    231)  Watts, PB, Clure, C, Hill, R. Applied prediction of cross country skiing performance from physiological test data. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1996; 28(5):S133.

    232)  Morrow, MJ, Jensen, RL, Peace, CR. Effect of ten weeks of deep water or land based run training on VO2peak and run performance. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1996; 28(5):S210.

    233)  Wilkins, BW, Watts, PB, Wilcox, A. Metabolic response during rock climbing in expert rock climbers (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1996; 28(5):S211

    234)  Mittelstadt, SW, Hoffman, MD, Watts, PB, Newberry, V, Gibbons, TP, Sulentic, JE. Lactate responses to roller skiing with the double pole and diagonal stride techniques. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1995; 27(11):1563-1568.

    235)  Watts, PB, Clure, CA, Hill, MR, et al. Energy costs of rock climbing at different paces (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1995; 27(5):S17.

    236)  Lish, AK, Watts, PB. Effect of route rehearsal on the energy cost of rock climbing. (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1995; 27(5):S209.

    237)  Clure, CA, Watts, PB, Gallagher, P, et al. Accuracy of the TEEM 100 metabolic analyzer during maximum oxygen uptake testing of nordic skiers (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1994; 27(5):S86.

    238)  Hoffman, MD, Clifford, PS, Watts, PB, Newberry, V, Gibbons, TP, Sulentic, JE. Physiological comparison of uphill roller skiing: diagonal stride versus double pole. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1994; 26(10):1248-1289.

    239)  Watts, PB, Airoldi, S, Clure, C, et al. Physiological responses to sport rock climbing during simulated top-rope and simulated lead conditions (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1994: 26(5):S65.

    240)  Nicklas, EC, Larsen, LM, Watts, PB. Ventilatory threshold reliability for four assessments over an eight day period (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1994; 26(5):S2.

    241)  Hoffman, MD, Mittelstadt, SW, Watts, PB, Newberry, V, Gibbons, TP, Sulentic, JE. Does pole striding simulate the cardiorespiratory demands of diagonal striding on roller skis? (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1994; 26(5):S113.

    242)  Watts, PB, Silta, BC, Stray-Gundersen, J. Physiological effects of a 3000-mile tandembicycle trek for a subject with Down syndrome - a case study. Presented at the Midwest Region Chapter ACSM Winter Meeting, Boyne Mtn, Michigan. January 1993.

    243)  Watts, PB, Hoffman, MD, Sulentic, JE, et al. Physiological responses to specific maximum exercise tests for cross country skiing. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology. 1993; 18(4):359-365.

    244)  Watts, PB, Drobish, KM, Deur, KL, et al. (1993) Physiological comparison between simulated rock climbing and treadmill running at the same heart rate (Abst). Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1993; 25(5):S81.

    245)  Watts, PB. Fatigue and recovery of handgrip strength and endurance in elite rock climbers (Abst.) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1993; 25(5):S189.

    246)  Gibbons, TP & Watts, PB. Heart rate and blood lactate concentration during on- snow training in college cross country skiers (Abst). Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1993; 25(5):S132.

    247)  Sulentic, JE, Frea, JF, Watts, PB. Effects of low and high intensity prolonged exercise on lactate threshold and peak responses to maximal work (Abst). Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1993; 25(5):S176.

    248)  December, K, Liao, FM, Watts, PB. A kinematic analysis of the slapshot as executed by intermediate-level female ice hockey players (Abst). Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1993; 25(5):S196.

    249)  Watts, PB. Physiological Aspects of Sport Rock Climbing. An invited 2-hour colloquium delivered at the 1993 Annual Meeting of ACSM, Seattle, WA.

    250)  Watts, PB, Martin, DT, Durtschi, S. Anthropometric profiles of elite male and female sport rock climbers. Journal of Sports Sciences. 1993; 11:113-117.

    251)  Mittelstadt, S, Hoffman, MD, Watts, PB, et al. Lactate response to roller skiing with the double pole and diagonal stride techniques (Abst). Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1992; 24(5):S105.

    252)  Gibbons, T, Drobish, K, Watts, P, et al. The effects of two different pole lengths on the physiological responses during double pole roller skiing (Abst). Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1992; 24(5):S162.

    253)  O'Hagan, K, Mittelstadt, S, Watts, P, et al. Entrainment with the double pole nordic skiing technique (Abst). Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1992; 24(5):S162.

    254)  Martin, DT, Watts, PB, Newbury, VS. The effect of alpine mountaineering on acute erythrocyte hemolysis. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 1992; 13(1):31-35.

    255)  Watts, PB, Newbury, VS, Sulentic, JE. Fatigue and recovery of handgrip strength and endurance in rock climbing (Abst). Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1991; 23(4):S56.

    256)  Watts, PB, Sulentic, JE, Newbury, VS. Methodology for analysis of lactate in field blood samples. 1991 Midwest Regional Meeting of ACSM.

    257)  Watts PB, Martin, DT, Schmeling, MH, et al. Exertional intensities and energy requirements of technical mountaineering at moderate altitude. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 1990; 30(4):365-376, 1990.

    258)  Martin, DT, Watts, PB, Zimmerman, SD, et al. Factors associated with injuries in elite rock climbers. 1990 Annual Meeting of ACSM, Salt lake City, UT.

    259)  Watts, PB, Martin, DT, Baumgarten, D. Factors related to performance on the Metolius Simulator. 1989 International Olympic Committee World Congress on Sport Sciences, Colorado Springs, CO.

    260)  Martin, DT, Watts, PB, Sulentic, JE. The acute effects of prolonged submaximal cycling on the ventilatory threshold. Presented by Martin at the Winter Meeting of the Rocky Mountain Region ACSM.

    261)  Egan, LM, Watts, PB, Silta, BC. Changes in serum haptoglobin as an acute response to a marathon road race. Journal of Sports Science. 1987; 5:55-60.

    262)  Watts, PB, Farmer, CM, Schmeling, MH, Silta, BC. Physiological characteristics of elite high altitude mountaineers. Proceedings of the International Union of Physiological Sciences. (abst) 16:p163.05. XXX Congress of the International Union of Physiological Sciences, Vancouver, B.C. Canada, 1986.

    263)  Watts, PB, Watts, AG. Physiological adaptations in technical mountaineering at moderate altitude. 1985 Annual Conference of the Association for Experiential Education, Estes Park, Colorado, 1985. Resulted in development and implementation of pre-course physical fitness self-tests and recommendations for National Outdoor Leadership School (NOLS) students.

    264)  Watts, PB. Effects of a glycogen depletion-loading regimen upon metabolic responses to progressive graded exertion. Presented at the 1982 Annual Meeting of ACSM.

    265)  Watts, PB. Metabolic responses to progressive graded exertion following glucose ingestion. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 1982; 22:300-313.

    266)  Watts, PB. (1980) Evaluating the human metabolic response to graded exertion. Journal of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Technology (CVP). 1980; 8:45-50.