An appositive is a noun or a pronoun, often with modifiers, set beside another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it.
In the following examples, the appositives have been bolded and the noun being explained or identified is in italics.
Punctuation of Appositives:
- If the appositive can be taken out without changing the meaning of the sentence, set the appositive off with commas:
Judy Bailey, the past president of NMU, left town.
- If the appositive cannot be taken out without changing the meaning of the sentence, then just leave it alone:
Past president Judy Bailey left town in the wake of expected trouble.
Your friend Bill is in trouble.
My roommate’s car, a beat-up Chevy, is rusting in our driveway.
The English professor, an expert on Old English, gave a lecture about Chaucer yesterday.
A bold leader, Kyle is known for his ability to get people involved.
A talented dancer, Molly often won the lead in our recitals.