Part of Speech Function Sample Words Example Sentences


action or state of being

dance, sing, jump, pray, have, (to) be 

The cow dances at midnight. She is a ballerina.


any person, place, animal, or object

Paris, Frank, dog, house, rose

My dream is to go to Paris with Frank and my dog. We’ll buy a house, and he’ll give me a rose.


describes a noun; when using multiple adjectives, separate them with commas

some, good, big, blue, interesting

I live in a big, blue house.


describes a verb, adjective or adverb; usually ends in -ly

quickly, silently, well, very, really, often, always, never

I really want a taco.

Article specify which noun you're talking about a, an, the, this, that, these, those I want to get an A on the big test.

Personal Pronoun

replaces a noun

I, you, he, she, it, they, them

Elizabeth enjoys reading. She works at a library.

Singular Possessive Pronoun replaces a possessive noun (one that shows belonging) for an individual my, mine, your, yours, her, hers, his, its She took her time returning my book.
Plural Possessive Pronoun replaces a possessive noun (one that shows belonging) for a group our, ours, your, yours, their, theirs Our hamster got in a fight with their canary.


links a noun to another word; a good way to remember it is "anywhere, any way, or any time a mouse can go"

to, but, at, after, on, with, about, before, until, of, for, over, under, behind, when

We walked to the store on Thursday.


connecting word that joins clauses, sentences, or other words

for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so, however, although, which, while

I like to read and write, but I also like math.

Correlative Conjunctions special connecting words that always come in pairs  either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also Either a baby bird will learn how to fly, or it will have to walk everywhere.


short exclamation

oh!, ouch!, hi!, well

Ouch! That’s going to hurt!