Department Head

Susy Ziegler

Susy S. Ziegler

Professor and Department Head Associate Dean, College of Arts & Sciences 906-227-1104
Office Location:

3001A Weston Hall

AAUP Faculty and Instructors

Michael Broadway

Michael Broadway

Professor 906-227-2636
Office Location:

3003 Weston Hall

Norma Froelich

Norma Froelich

Associate Professor 906-227-1891
Office Location:

3117 Weston Hall

Weronika Kusek

Weronika Kusek

Associate Professor 906-227-2989
Office Location:

3111 Weston Hall

Robert Legg

Robert Legg

Professor 906-227-2577
Office Location:

3113 Weston Hall

Angela Miller-Porter

Angela Miller-Porter

Instructor 906-227-2500
Office Location:

3009 Weston Hall

Sarah Mittlefehldt

Sarah Mittlefehldt

Professor 906-227-1442
Office Location:

3005 Weston Hall

Adam Naito

Adam Naito

Assistant Professor 906-227-1174
Office Location:

3007 Weston Hall

Ryan Stock

Ryan Stock

Assistant Professor 906-227-2616
Office Location:

3115 Weston Hall

Matthew Van Grinsven

Matthew Van Grinsven

Associate Professor 906-227-1161
Office Location:

3119 Weston Hall

Richard Ziegler

Richard Ziegler

Contingent Instructor 906-227-1364
Office Location:

3011 Weston Hall


Jana Nicholls

Jana Nicholls

Principal Secretary 906-227-2500
Office Location:

3001 Weston Hall

Kelsey Avey

Kelsey Avey

Academic Advisor 906-227-1745
Office Location:

3009 Weston Hall

Kelsey Avey

Frederick Nelson

Research Associate

Emeritus Faculty

Dr. Fillmore C. F. Earney

Dr. John D. Hughes

Dr. Alfred N. Joyal III

Dr. Bernard C. Peters

Dr. Robert S. Regis

Mr. Jarl Roine

Mr. Sten A. Taube

Retired Faculty

Dr. Stephen DeGoosh

Mr. Richard Eathorne

Dr. Ronald Sundell

More Information

Physical Geography, Biogeography, Research Methods, Human Impact on the Environment, Environmental Science

Began teaching at NMU in 2010


  • B.A.: Geography, Dartmouth College
  • M.S.: Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Ph.D.: Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison


  • GC100 Physical Geography
  • GC205 Introduction to Geographic Research
  • GC401 Biogeography
  • GC489 Human Impact on the Environment

In Fall 2010, Susy Ziegler joined the faculty at NMU to contribute her teaching and research expertise in physical geography, research methods, environmental science, and biogeography.  She studies changes in the northern forests of eastern North America.  She is also interested in biodiversity and conservation in the boreal forests of the Upper Great Lakes region and Scandinavia.  Professor Ziegler’s biogeography students have enjoyed learning in the field during trips to Presque Isle, Sugarloaf Mountain, and Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.

Professor Ziegler serves as the faculty sponsor of NMU’s Eta Chi Chapter of Gamma Theta Epsilon, the International Honors Society in Geography.  When Professor Ziegler is not on campus she is exploring the out-of-doors on foot or cross-country skis.  She is an avid photographer of scenic landscapes.

Select Publications

Rauchfuss, Julia and Susy Svatek Ziegler. 2011. The Geography of Spruce Budworm in Eastern North America. Geography Compass 5(8): 564–580.

Rauchfuss, Julia and Susy Svatek Ziegler. 2011. Reconstructing Canopy-Disturbance History and Recruitment Patterns to Inform Management Decisions at the Lost 40 in the Chippewa National Forest, Northern Minnesota. Geographical Bulletin 52: 3–17.

Ziegler, Susy Svatek. 2010. The Past and Future of the White Pine Forest in the Great Lakes Region. Geography Compass 4(9): 1179–1202.

Shuman, Bryan, Anna Henderson, Colin Plank, Ivanka Stefanova, and Susy S. Ziegler. 2009. Woodland-to-Forest Transition during Prolonged Drought in Minnesota after ca. AD 1300. Ecology 90(10): 2792–2807.

Rauchfuss, Julia, Susy Svatek Ziegler, James H. Speer, and Nathan W. Siegert. 2009. Dendroecological Analysis of Spruce Budworm Outbreaks and Their Relation to Climate near the Prairie–Forest Border in Northwestern Minnesota. Physical Geography 30(3): 185–204.

Ziegler, Susy Svatek, Evan R. Larson, Julia Rauchfuss, and Grant P. Elliott. 2008. Tree Recruitment during Dry Spells at an Oak Savanna in Minnesota. Tree-Ring Research 64(1): 47–54.

Hart, John Fraser and Susy Svatek Ziegler. 2008. Landscapes of Minnesota—A Geography. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 316 p.

Ziegler, Susy Svatek and Mary A. Williams. 2008. Landscape Planning and Land-Use Policy to Conserve Resources in Southeastern Minnesota. CURA Reporter 38(2): 13–21.

Ziegler, Susy Svatek. 2007. Postfire Succession in an Adirondack Forest. Geographical Review 97(4): 467–483.

Brown, Dwight A., Philip J. Gersmehl, and Susy S. Ziegler. 2007. Alternative Biogeographies of the Global Garden, 2nd edition. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 321 p.

Anthamatten, Peter and Susy S. Ziegler. 2006. Teaching Geography with 3-D Visualization Technology. Journal of Geography 105: 231–237.

Ziegler, Susy Svatek. 2004. Composition, Structure, and Disturbance History of Old-Growth and Second-Growth Forests in Adirondack Park, New York. Physical Geography 25(2): 152–169.

Ziegler, Susy Svatek. 2002. Disturbance Regimes of Hemlock-Dominated Old-Growth in Northern New York, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32: 2106–2115.

Ziegler, Susy Svatek. 2000. A Comparison of Structural Characteristics between Old-Growth and Second-Growth Hemlock-Hardwood Forests in Adirondack Park, New York. Global Ecology and Biogeography 9(5): 373–389.

Ziegler, Susy Svatek. 1995. Relict Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus L.) Stands in Southwestern Wisconsin. American Midland Naturalist 133: 88–100.

Began teaching at NMU in 1997

Human Geography, Geography of Food Systems

  • B.Ed., Nottingham University
  • M.Sc., London University
  • Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign

Physical Geography, Weather & Climate, Coastal Storms, Forests

Began teaching at NMU in 2013


  • B.Sc., The University of Western Ontario
  • M.S., Indiana University
  • Ph.D., Indiana University
  • Postdoctoral Fellowship, Climate Research Division, Environment Canada


  • GC100 Physical Geography
  • GC205 Introduction to Geographic Research
  • GC235 Quantitative Methods
  • GC285 Earth's Climate: Past, Present, and Future
  • GC295: Special Topics: Energy & The Environment
  • GC385 Weather and Climate
  • GC488 Earth & Environmental Science Capstone Research

Research Interests

  • Forest-atmosphere interactions
  • Airflow within and above vegetation canopies
  • Micrometeorological applications in forensic science (at FROST)
  • Lake climatology
  • Meteorological/environmental field methods and instrumentation
  • Numerical modeling of atmospheric process

Select Publications

  • Luo, X., Croft, H., Chen, J. M., Bartlett, P., Staebler, R. M., and Froelich, N. J. (2018). Leaf chlorophyll content as a proxy for photosynthetic parameters for estimating carbon and water fluxes at a forest site. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 248, 156-168.
  • Croft, H., Chen, J. M., Froelich, N. J., Chen, B., and Staebler, R. M. (2015). Seasonal controls of canopy chlorophyll content on forest carbon uptake: implications for GPP modelling. J. Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, doi:10.1002/2015JG002980.
  • Froelich, N., Croft, H., Chen, J. M., Gonsamo, A., and Staebler, R. M. (2015). Trends of carbon, water, and energy fluxes over a mixed temperate–boreal transition forest in southern Ontario, Canada. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 211, 72-84.
  • Froelich, N. J., Grimmond, C. S. B., and Schmid, H. P. (2011). Modeling nocturnal cooling below a forest canopy. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151, 957-968.
  • Froelich, N. J. and Schmid, H. P. (2006). Flow divergence and density flows above and below a deciduous forest. Part II: Below-canopy themotopographic flows. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 138, 29-43.
  • Froelich, N. J., Schmid, H. P., Grimmond, C. S. B., and Su, H. –B. (2005). Flow divergence and density flows above and below a deciduous forest. Part I: Non-zero mean vertical wind above canopy. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 138, 29-43.

Human Geography, Cultural Geography, Ethnic Geography, Urban Geography

  • Began teaching at NMU in 2014
  • Faculty Liaison to the Office of Diversity and Inclusion/Student Equity and Engagement Center, 2021 - 2023
  • UNITED Conference chair, 2021-2023


  • B.A., University of Toledo, 2008
  • M.A., University of Toledo, 2010
  • Ph.D., Kent State University, 2014


  • GC164 Human Geography
  • GC360 Population Geography
  • GC300 Geography of Russia 
  • GC310 Urban Geography 
  • GC205 Introduction to Geographic Research
  • GC 220 Economic Geography
  • GC 303 Practicing Geography

Academic and Scholarly Interests

  • Human Geography
  • Cultural Geography
  • Urban Geography
  • Ethnic Geography

Research Interests

  • Migration
  • Diaspora
  • Digital Diaspora
  • Globalization
  • Placemaking
  • Ethnic Neighborhoods


  • European Union
  • Western Europe
  • Central and Eastern Europe


Kusek W. and N. Wise. 2014. Artistic Perceptions of Poles in London. Scottish Geographical Journal 130 (2): 99–115.

Kusek W. and S. Smiley. 2014. Gender, Positionality, and Place: Exploring Cultural Geography through Interviews in an Urban Setting. Journal of Cultural Geography 31(2)14. pp. 152-165.

Crane N.J. and W. Kusek. 2014. Embracing Dissensus: Reflections on Contemporary Research Strategies in Cultural Geography. Introduction to Special Issue. Journal of Cultural Geography 31(2)14. pp. 121-126.

Kusek W. 2015. Shifting the Spotlight: Suggesting a Pragmatic Approach to Studying the Polish LGBT Community. Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability 8(1)15. pp. 82-96.

Kusek W. 2015. Evaluating the Struggles with International Students and Local Community Participation. Journal of International Students 5(2)15. pp. 121-131.

Kusek W.2015. Transnational Identities and Immigrant Spaces of Polish ‘Eurostars’ in London, UK. Journal of Cultural Geography 32(1)15. pp. 102-114.

Korson C. and W. Kusek. 2015. The Comparison of a Thematic vs. Regional Approach to Teaching a World Geography Course. Journal of Geography (DOI: 10.1080/00221341.2015.1076498)

Forrest J. and W. Kusek. 2016. Human Capital and the Structural Integration of Polish Immigrants in Australia in the First, Second and Third Generations. Australian Geographer. (DOI: 10.1080/00049182.2016.1148103)

Kusek W. 2016. Polish(ing) My Identity. Book Chapter in Navigating Geography and Self: Transnational Geographers Disrupting Boundaries in a Global Age. Alan P. Marcus (Eds). Lexington Publishing.

Korson C. and W. Kusek. 2017. Exploring Migration through Popular Media and Fieldwork. Book chapter in Looking Around--Teaching in Postsecondary Schools With Popular Culture.

Kusek W. 2017. How do Polish immigrants in London reinforce local communities and influence the local economy? Local Economy 32(7)17.

Kusek. W. 2020. Returning Migrants as Force to Urban Transformation: Case Study from Poznan, Poland. Book chapter in Rajiv Thakur ‘Urban and Regional Planning and Development: 20th century Forms and 21st century Transformations’. Chapter 29.

Kusek. W. and N. Wise. (eds.). 2019. Human Geography and Professional Mobility: International Experiences, Critical Reflections, Practical Insights. Routledge Studies in Human Geography. 

Kusek. W. 2019. Ukrainian Migrants in Poland: Socio-Economic Inclusion or Exclusion? Local Economy 34(7)19. 739–744.

Kusek W. 2020. Alternatives to Study Abroad: Internationalization at home as a key strategy to providing opportunities for cultural and international exposure. A book chapter in K. Bista and S. Kommers "Equality in Study Abroad and Student Mobility: Navigating Challenges and Future Directions" 

Forrest J. and W. Kusek. 2020. Assimilating the Diaspora of the Americas in Australia: An Intergenerational Analysis. Geographical Review.


Geographic Information Systems, Computer Cartography, Spatial Analysis, Quantitative Methods

Began teaching at NMU August 2006

Associate Researcher

NorFish Project ERC-2014-ADG

European Research Council Advanced Grant (2016-2020)
Centre for Environmental Humanities, School of Histories and Humanities
Trinity College Dublin, the University of Dublin, Ireland

Curriculum vitae


Courses and software

  • GC235 - Quantitative methods - SPSS and Excel
  • GC335 - Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) - ESRI ArcMap 10.x, ArcGIS Pro, and ArcGIS Online
  • GC337 - Computer cartography - ArcGIS, MapBox, CartoDB, ArcGIS Online, OpenStreetMap, ArcGIS Collector
  • GC412 - Spatial database development - Fundamentals of SQL w/ PostgreSQL and PostGIS (Java, Python)
  • GC428 - Spatial analysis - R-StudioPythonESRI ArcGIS

Current majors, minors, and certification

Professional and so forth

  • Professor Legg’s teaching and research interests center on GIS and Technology (GIST). His efforts focus on applications involving pattern and spatial analysis combined with tools such as remote sensing and computer science across the spectrum of geographical and environmental research. The primary focus of Professor Legg’s research lies in geographic information science and (GIST) desired outcomes. Professor Legg has a particular interest in geoarchaeology and paleo-environments and demonstrates a track-record in this area through several published research projects. In practice, Professor Legg’s research involves GIS, spatial statistics, and the broader fields of GIScience and Geomatics, including work with Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and predictive modeling.
  • Professor Legg has effectively taught GIS, spatial, and quantitative technologies at the undergraduate and graduate level. Many of his former students are now gainfully employed GIS professionals, with a variety of spatial-based carriers in the private sector and at various levels of government (federal, state, and local) in the United States and elsewhere globally.
  • NMU’s GIST courses link with several other departments. They involve integrating course offerings in both NMU’s highly-ranked Math and Computer Science department and also the award-winning Art and Design Program. As part of NMU’s GIScience and Technology education initiative, we provide each EEGS student with a Lenovo ThinkPad X1 Carbon Laptop, complete with the latest industry-standard GIS software, and county-wide internet access through NMU’s LTE network. Students will regularly bring these tools into internship opportunities, serving a variety of local and regional organizations with their GIS skills. Internships offer students the ability to strengthen their resumes, portfolios, and develop critically needed work experience.
  • Through the EEGS department, Internship-Opportunities (GC491) are available. We place interested students in both paid and unpaid internships, with offerings that exist through an established network of GIS professionals in the local community and further afield.
  • Our central EEGS mission focuses on providing high-quality undergraduate GIST education for a career-focused or just inquisitive-focused student body. We are excited to share our track-record for science-based opportunities and employment.

Publications (in progress/review)

  • Legg, R. J., Nakiguli, C., and Lejju, J. (Addressing reviewer comments) Water quality and heavy metal pollution in threatened urban wetlands in the Lake Victoria basin, Uganda.


  • Legg, R.J., Demel, S., Neilson, J. (In Press) Novel use of cathodoluminescence to identify differences in source rocks for late PalaeoIndian quartzite tools, Archaeometry.
  • Travis, C., Ludlow, F., Matthews, A., Lougheed. K., Rankin, K., Allaire, B., Legg, R., Hayes, P. Nichols, J., Towns, L., Holm, P. (2020) Humanities GIS, Cartesian, and literary perceptions of the north‐west Atlantic fishery ca 1500–1800. Geo Geography and Environment, e00085.
  • Legg, R.J., Ludlow, F. and Travis, C. (2020) Mapping the Irish Rath (Ringfort): Landscape and Settlement Patterns in the Early Medieval Period. In C. Travis (Eds.), Historical Geography, GIScience and Textual Analysis, Springer Nature Switzerland Ag.
  • Legg, R.J. and Demel, S.J (2020) Ground Penetrating Radar in the Northern Great Lakes: A Trial Survey of a Contact Period Occupation in Marquette County, Michigan., Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology (MCMA).
  • Broadway, M.J., Legg, R.J. and Bertossi, T. (2019) North American independent coffeehouse culture: a comparison of Seattle with Vancouver. GeoJournal.
  • Holm, P., Ludlow, F., Scherera, C., Travis, C., Allaire, B., Brito, C., Hayes P., Matthews, A., Rankin, K., Breen, R., Legg, R., Lougheed, K., and Nicholls, J. (2019) The North Atlantic Fish Revolution (ca. AD 1500), Quaternary Research, 1-15. DOI:
  • Broadway, M., Legg, R.J., and Broadway, J. (2018) Coffee Houses and the Art of Social Engagement: An Analysis of Portland Coffee Houses. Geographical Review, 108 (3): 433-456.
  • Davies, A.R., and Legg, R.J. (2018) Fare sharing: interrogating the nexus of ICT, urban food sharing, and sustainability. Food Culture and Society An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research 21(2):1-22.
  • Legg, R.J., Regis, R.R., Lambert, J.M., Liesch, M., and Travis, C.B. (2017) Geoarchaeological modeling of late Paleoindian site locations in the northwestern great lakes. PaleoAmerica 3(2):150–160.
  • Liesch, M., Dunklee, L., Legg, R.J., Feig, A.D., and Krause, A.J. (2015) Use of business naming practices to delineate Michigan’s vernacular regions: a Michigan example. Journal of Geography, 114, 1-9.
  • Loope, W.L., Jol, H.M., Fisher, T.G., Blewett, W.L., Loope, H.M., and Legg, R.J. (2014) A previously unrecognized path of base flow and elevated discharge from Lake Minong to Lake Chippewa across eastern Upper Michigan. In Coastline and dune evolution along the Great Lakes. In T. G. Fisher and E. C. Hanson (Eds.), Coastline and Dune Evolution Along the Great Lakes (Vol. 508, pp. 1-13) Boulder, Colorado: Geological Society of America.
  • Loope, W.L., Loope, H.M., Goble, R.J., Fisher, T.G., Lytle, D.E., Legg, R.J., Wysocki, D.A., Hanson, P.R. and AR Young (2012) Drought drove forest decline and dune building in eastern upper Michigan, USA, as the upper Great Lakes became closed basins. Geology, 40(4), 315-318.
  • Legg, R.J., and Anderton, J.B. (2010) Using paleoshoreline and site location modeling in the northern Great Lakes: Geoarchaeological approaches to prehistoric archeological survey in the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. Geoarchaeology, 25, 772-783.
  • Anderton, J.B., Legg, R.J., and Regis, R.R. (2010) Geoarchaeological approaches to site location modeling and archaeological survey in the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. Wisconsin Archeologist, 90(1 and 2), 19-30.
  • Legg, R.J. (2010) Book review, The SAGE Handbook of Spatial Analysis. Journal of Regional Science, 50(5), 1012-1014.
  • Legg, R.J., and Bowe, T. (2009) Applying geographically weighted regression to a real estate problem, an example from Marquette, Michigan. ArcUser, 12(2), 44-45.
  • Legg, R.J. (2007) Site catchment analysis. In D. Pearsall (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Archaeology (pp. 2002-2004) Oxford: Elsevier.
  • Legg, R.J., and Taylor, D. (2006) Modeling environmental influences on the location choice Irish Early Medieval ringforts. Geoarchaeology An International Journal, 21(3), 201-220.
  • Carroll, V., Legg, R.J., and Taylor, D. (2003) Redesigning an undergraduate geography course at Trinity College, Dublin, using WebQuests. Paper presented at the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, Chesapeake, VA.


  • Legg, R., O’Connor, B., Collins, S. Travis, C. (2020) Analytical archeology, novel techniques in archeological modeling using Artificial Intelligence and machine learning, Poster presented to the Association of American Geographers, Annual Meeting April 2020, Denver, Colorado.
  • Legg, R., Neilson, J., Raubinger, G., Demel, S., (2018) Quartzite rock samples and their potential for stone tool making in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula,
  • Legg, R. (2017) Current and future direction of Undergraduate GIS curriculum in the USA, Presentation to the Summer Symposium, HAS University of Applied Sciences, 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands.
  • Legg, R (2017) Renaming a geography department to increase visibility and perceived scope, strategies and outcomes, Paper presented at the Association of American Geographers (AAG), Annual Meeting, Boston, MA.
  • Travis, C.*, Holm, P., Ludlow, F., Rankin, K., Klais, R., Lougheed, K., . . . Legg, R. (2016) The NorFish DeepMap. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the West and East Lakes Divisions of the Association of American Geographers, Marquette, MI.
  • Travis, C.*, Holm, P., Ludlow, F., Klais, R., Legg, R. J, and Rankin, K. (2016) The NorFish Platform: Geographical information science, data visualization, and mapping early modern coastal and maritime cultural heritage. Paper presented at the Oceans Past Platform Conference, Bayscapes: Shaping the Coastal Interface through Time, Trinity College, the University of Dublin.
  • Travis, C.*, Holm, P., Ludlow, F., Legg, R. J., and Rankin, K. (2016) The NorFish platform: geographical information science, data visualization, and mapping early modern coastal and maritime cultural heritage. Paper presented at the Presentation to the 48th Conference of Irish Geographers, St. Patrick’s College, Dublin.
  • Legg, R. J., Lejju, J., Kiwanuka, C., and Murphy, S. P. (2016) Identifying heavy metal pollution in selected urban wetlands of Lake Victoria, Uganda. Paper presented at the Association of American Geographers (AAG), Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
  • Legg, R. J. (2015) Developing an environmentally-based site location model of Paleoindian settlement in the northern great lakes. Paper presented at the School of Natural Sciences Lightning Talks, Trinity College, the University of Dublin, Ireland.
  • Legg, R. J. (2014) An environmentally-based site location model of Paleoindian settlement in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Archaeological Conference, Champaign, IL.
  • Legg, R. J., and Leonard, J. (2014) Redeveloping an undergraduate curriculum by applying strategies in active learning, techniques, issues, teaching, and technology. Paper presented at the Presentation to the Association of American Geographers (AAG), Annual Meeting, Tampa, FL.
  • Legg, A. T., Zubair, M. M., Saharan, S., Huang, J. H., Hohimer, A. R., Legg, R. J., and Langley, S. (2014) The volume of blood transfused predicts outcomes following congenital cardiac surgery. Paper presented at the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL.
  • Legg, R. J., and Anderton, J. B. (2013a) Developing an environmentally-based site location model of Paleoindian settlement in the Northern Great Lakes. Paper presented at the Paleoamerican Odyssey Conference, Sante Fe, NM.
  • Legg, R. J., and Anderton, J. B. (2013b) Exploring a Native American early fur trade site with Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR) in the Northern Great Lakes. Paper presented at the Association of American Geographers (AAG), Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA.
  • Anderton, J. B., Paquette, J., Buckmaster, M., and Legg, R. J. (2013) Geoarchaeology on the cusp of a changing world: The GLO#3 site (20MQ140), a protohistoric occupation in the Lake Superior Basin, USA. Paper presented at the Society of American Archaeologists (SAA), Annual Meeting, Honolulu, HI.
  • Legg, R. J., and Anderton, J. B. (2012) Ground-penetrating radar of archaeological sites on Grand Isle, Michigan. Paper presented at the Association of American Geographers (AAG), Annual Meeting, New York, NY.
  • Legg, R. J., and Anderton, J. B. (2011) A contested landscape in the Northern Great Lakes: Geospatial approaches to cultural resource survey on the Yellow Dog Plains in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. Paper presented at the Presentation to the Association of American Geographers (AAG), Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA.
  • Legg, R. J. (2011) Landscapes of Conflict, A Geographer’s Experience in Israel. Paper presented at the Gamma Theta Upsilon (GTU), Geo-Scope, Geography Speaker Series, Marquette MI.
  • Loope, W. L., Loope, H. M., Goble, R. J., Fisher, T. G., Lytle, D. E., Legg, R. J., and Wysocki, D. A.(2010) Massive dune building in interior Eastern Upper Michigan USA is temporarily correlated with the hydrologic closure of the Upper Great Lakes and spatially confined below 245m ASL. Paper presented at the Geological Society of America (GSA), Annual Meeting, Denver, CO.
  • Legg, R. J., and Diodato, N. (2010) Comparison of spatial modeling for climate inputs in the Mediterranean Region using limited data (MetEROBS – Monte Pino Met European Research Observatory, GEWEX-CEOP Network, World Climate Research Programme) Paper presented at the Association of American Geographers (AAG), Washington, DC.
  • Legg, R. J., and Bowe, T. (2009) Housing patterns in small-town America: an exploration of spatial analysis methods: a case study involving Marquette Michigan. Paper presented at the Association of American Geographers (AAG), Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV.
  • Loope, W. L., Goble, R. J., Fisher, T. G., Jol, H. M., Loope, H. M., Wysocki, D. A., and Legg, R. J. (2009) Holocene dune stabilization in interior Eastern Upper Michigan: signals of climate-sensitive biogeomorphic change or interbasin meltwater passage (or both)?. Paper presented at the Geological Society of America North-Central Meeting, Rockford, IL.
  • Loope, W. L., Jol, H. M., Fisher, T. G., Goble, R. J., Loope, H. M., and Legg, R. J. (2008) Use of OSL, GPR and GIS to constrain the hypothetical behavior of Lake Minong’s water plane and paths of meltwater discharge across Eastern Upper Michigan, USA. Paper presented at the Geological Society of America North-Central Meeting, Annual Meeting, Evansville, IN.
  • Hardenbrook, K., and Legg, R. J. (2008) Spatial distribution and habitat modeling of Pitcher’s thistle in the Grand Sable Dunes at Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan. Paper presented at the Presentation to the Canadian Association of Geographers (Ontario) and the East Lakes Division of the American Association of Geographers (CAGONT ELDAAG), Annual Meeting, St. Catharines, ON.
  • Legg, R. J., and Bowe, T. (2008) Geographically weighted regression: Marquette real estate. Paper presented at the Canadian Association of Geographers (Ontario) and the East Lakes Division of the American Association of Geographers (CAGONT/ELDAAG), Annual Meeting, St. Catharines, ON.
  • Anderton, J. B., Legg, R. J., and Regis, R. R. (2008) Cultural resources survey using GIS modeling of geoarchaeological contexts in the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore (PIRO). Paper presented at the Western Great Lakes Research Conference, Annual Meeting, Marquette, MI.
  • Anderton, J. B., and Legg, R. J. (2008) Geoarchaeological approaches to site location modeling and archaeological survey, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan, USA. Paper presented at the Presentation to the Society of American Archaeologists (SAA), Annual Meetin, Vancouver, BC.
  • Loope, W. L., Goble, R. J., Jol, H. M., Fisher, T. G., Loope, H. M., Wysocki, D. A., and Legg, R. J. (2007) Optical dating of the demise of Lake Minong reveals an early Holocene connection with Lake Chippewa across eastern Upper Peninsula, USA. Paper presented at the Geological Society of America (GSA), Annual Meeting, Denver, CO.
  • Cislo, J., Legg, R. J., and Anderton, J. B. (2007) Temporal land use analysis of the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. Paper presented at the East Lakes Division of the Association of American Geographers (ELAAG), East Lansing, MI.
  • Legg, R. J., and Cumberlidge, N. (2007) Report on establishing a sister university with the Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara Uganda. Post-trip Symposium and Presentation to Northern Michigan University, Marquette, MI.
  • Anderton, J. B., Legg, R. J., Regis, R., Weesen, T., and Kitzman, C. (2007) Geoarchaeological investigations in the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan, USA. Paper presented at the Association of American Geographers (AAG), Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
  • Timmons, C., and Legg, R. J. (2007) Wind turbines: A preliminary site location assessment of an offshore wind farm in Lake Superior. Paper presented at the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, Annual Meeting, Grand Rapids, MI.
  • Legg, R. J. (2005) Predictive modeling of ringforts: examining the possible influence of climate on settlement in Early Medieval Ireland. Paper presented at the Irish Quaternary Association (IQA) Series on Reconstructing Climate Changes, Dublin, Ireland.
  • Legg, R. J. (2005) Environmental influences on the distribution of ringforts in Ireland. Paper presented at the Computing Applications in Archaeology (CAA), (UK Chapter), Annual Meeting, Southampton, England.
  • Legg, R. J. (2004) Development of a predictive archaeological model for Early Medieval Irish settlements in the Blackwater Valley County Meath. Paper presented at the Presentation to the Association of American Geographers (AAG), Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA.


  • NMU Faculty research grant, Café Culture, and Social Engagement in the Borderlands: A Comparison of Seattle, WA, and Vancouver, BC. (funded 2018 - 2020), Proposal by Michael J. Broadway and Robert Legg.
  • Faculty reassigned time award (2016 and 2017) Building healthy futures: Water quality, policy, and sustainable development in the Lake Victoria Region, Uganda: Maintaining an international Memorandum of Understanding among partnering institutions in the European Union, East Africa, and Michigan.
  • Huron Mountain Wildlife Foundation (2016) Establishing ecological reference conditions in remote regions to assess the effects of recent anthropogenic activity in the Lake Superior basin, with Gayle McGlynn (PI), Robert J. Legg, Luis León Vintró.
  • Huron Mountain Wildlife Foundation (2012) Geomorphology and chronology of sand dune activity and former glacial lake levels, Huron Mountains, Upper Michigan. 
  • National Science Foundation (2011-2013) Increasing adoption of active learning in Science Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) discipline by integrating a faculty development program, and a technology-facilitated learning environment Course Curriculum Learning Initiative (CCLI).
  • US Department of Education and US Institute of Peace (2010-2011) Middle East Initiative
  • Google (2010) Google Earth Pro education initiative aimed at finding creative ways to integrate Google Earth Pro materials into the classroom.
  • NMU Faculty reassigned time (2010) Developing GIS-based materials for course support within the Geography Department.
  • National Park Service (NPS) and the Mid-West Archaeological Center (MWAC) (2007-2008) Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Geoarcheological investigation and survey.
  • NMU Academic Service-Learning (ASL) award (2007) Support for an active service-learning (ASL) component in computer cartography (GC337).

Environmental Education, Community Sustainability, Permaculture

First taught at NMU in 2012

Environmental Education, Community Sustainability, Permaculture

  • B.S., Michigan State University
  • M.S., Michigan State University

Environmental History & Policy, Land Management, Sustainability

Began teaching at NMU in 2015


  • B.A., Carleton College
  • M.Ed., Harvard University
  • Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison


  • GC 269: Introduction to Sustainability
  • GC 300: Regional Studies: World Cultures: Cuba 
  • GC 320: Environmental Policy & Regulation
  • GC 424: Environmental Justice 
  • GC 470: Environmental Ethics
  • GC 489: Human Impact on the Environment (Senior Capstone Course)

Research Interests

  • Environmental history, policy & justice
  • Land-use decision-making 
  • Forest management and bioenergy

Sarah Mittlefehldt enjoys working with students, colleagues, and community members to develop local solutions to global environmental challenges. As an environmental historians, she is particularly interested in understanding how the past can be used to help inform the future. In 2019, she received funding from the National Science Foundation to work on two different projects that combine spatial analysis with approaches from science and technology studies (STS) and environmental history. The first project examines how wood-burning energy technologies distributed socioecological benefits and burdens throughout the late twentieth century. The second project examines the history of coastal planning and development along Lake Superior’s southern shore. Mittlefehldt is author of Tangled Roots: The Appalachian Trail and American Environmental Politics (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2013) and several articles on the history of community-based conservation efforts, energy policy, and land-use decision-making. In addition to her teaching and scholarship, she serves as Co-Chair of Northern Michigan University’s Sustainability Advisory Council and as a member of the City of Marquette’s Planning Commission.

Select Publications

  • S. Mittlefehldt, E. Bunting, E. Huff, J. Welsh, R. Goodwin, “Combining Historical and Spatial Analysis to Assess the Suitability of Wood-Burning Energy Technologies,” Energies, Submission planned for Fall 2021.
  • “Wood Waste and Race: The Industrialization of Biomass Energy Technologies and Environmental Justice,” Technology & Culture 59:4 (October 2018), 875-898.
  • “From Appropriate Technology to the Clean Energy Economy: Renewable Energy and Environmental Politics since the 1970s,” Journal of Environmental Studies and Science 8:2 (June 2018), 212-219.
  • “Seeing Forests as Fuel: Power & Narrative in Public Debates about Biomass Development since 1973,” Energy Research & Social Science 14 (2016), 13–21.
  • (with Codie Tedford) "Benefit or Burden?: Environmental Justice and Community-Scale Biomass Energy Systems in Vermont, USA,” Environmental Justice 7:4 (August 2014), 110-114.
  • Tangled Roots: The Appalachian Trail and American Environmental Politics (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2013).
  • (with Tina A. Grotzer), “Students’ Metacognitive Behavior and Ability to Transfer Causal Concepts,” in Anat Zohar & Judy Dori, eds., Metacognition and Science Education (Cambridge, MA: Springer, 2011), 79-99.
  • “The People’s Path: Conflict and Cooperation in the Acquisition of the Appalachian Trail,” Environmental History 15:4 (October 2010), 643-669.
  • “Toxic Waste and Environmental Justice in Warren County, North Carolina,” in Charles V. Willie, Steven P. Rindini, and David A. Willard, eds. Grassroots Social Action: Lessons in People Power Movements (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2008).
  • “Discovering Nature in the Neighborhood: Raymond Zillmer and the Origins of the Ice Age Trail,” in Eric Sherman and Andrew Hanson III, eds., Along Wisconsin's Ice Age Trail (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2008).

Physical Geography, Landscape Ecology, GIS, Remote Sensing, Range and Forest Ecology, Biogeography, Earth Systems Science, Fire Ecology, Simulation Modeling

Web page

Curriculum vitae

ORC-ID: 0000-0002-5100-4701
Began teaching at NMU in 2020

Previous Appointments

  • Postdoctoral Research Associate, 2015-2020
    School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Arizona
  • Visiting Assistant Professor, 2014-2015
    Department of Geography, Texas A&M University


  • BS, Geography, Penn State University
  • MS, Geography, Penn State University
  • PhD, Geography, Texas A&M University


  • GC 100: Physical Geography
  • GC 101: Introduction to Environmental Science
  • GC 401: Biogeography
  • GC 425: Remote Sensing

Research Interests

Physical Geography, Landscape Ecology, GIS, Remote Sensing, Range and Forest Ecology, Biogeography, Earth Systems Science, Fire Ecology, Simulation Modeling


As a geographer and landscape ecologist, Adam integrates field work, Geographic Information Systems, remote sensing, and simulation modeling to improve our understanding of landscape-scale changes in vegetation and its implications for cross-scale interactions and ecosystem services in terrestrial systems. His work has spanned multiple environments, including the montane forests of northern California, Arctic Alaska, the Appalachian Mountains, and Southwestern rangelands. Outside of the classroom, he has employed and mentored 50 undergraduate students, many of whom are now pursuing successful careers in Earth and Environmental Science-related fields at Federal and state agencies or are furthering their education in graduate school.

Select Publications
Vivoni ER, Pérez-Ruiz ER, Scott RL, Naito AT, Archer SR, Biederman JA, and Templeton NP. 2022. A micrometeorological flux perspective on brush management in an encroached Sonoran Desert grassland. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 313(108763).

DeWeese, GG, Lafon CW, Flatley WT, Aldrich SR, and Naito AT. 2021. Historical fire regimes and stand dynamics of xerophytic pine-oak stands in the Appalachian Mountains, Virginia, USA. Annals of the American Association of Geographers.

Harley, GL, Baisan CH, Brown PM, Grissino-Mayer HD, Falk DA, Flatley WT, Hessl A, Heyerdahl EK, Kaye MW, Lafon CW, Margolis, EQ, Maxwell RS, Naito AT, Platt WJ, Rother MT, Saladyga T, Sherriff RL, Stachowiak LA, Stambaugh MC, Sutherland EK, and Taylor AH. (2018) Advancing dendrochronological studies of fire in the United States. Fire, 1(1): 11.

Lafon CW, Naito AT, Horn SP, Waldrop TA (2017) A Review and Synthesis of Fire History in the Appalachian Region. US Department of Agriculture Forest Service. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-219. Asheville, North Carolina: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 97 p.

Myers-Smith IH, Elmendorf SC, Beck Pieter S, Wilmking M, Hallinger M, Blok D, Tape KD, Rayback SA, Macias-Fauria M, Forbes BC, Speed JDM, Boulanger-Lapointe N, Rixen C, Levesque E, Schmidt NM, Baittinger C, Trant AJ, Hermanutz L, Collier LS, Dawes MA, Lantz T, Weijers S, Jørgensen RH, Buchwal A, Buras A, Naito AT, Ravolainen V, Schaepman-Strub G, Wheeler J, Wipf S, Guay K, Hik DS, and Vellend M (2015) Climate sensitivity of shrub growth across the tundra biome. Nature Climate Change 5(9): 887-891.

Myers-Smith I, Hallinger M, Wilmking M, Blok D, Klaassen US, Rayback S, Weijers S, Trant A, Tape KD, Naito AT, Dawes M, Rixen C, Wipf S, Wheeler J, Buchwald A, Baittinger C, Fauria MM, Levesque E, Boulanger-Lapointe N, Beil I, Ravolainen V, Schweingruber FH (2015) Methods for measuring arctic and alpine shrub growth. Earth-Science Reviews 140: 1-13.

Naito AT and Cairns DM (2015) Patterns of shrub expansion in Alaskan Arctic river corridors suggest a phase transition. Ecology and Evolution 5(1): 87-101.

Goldberg DW, Cockburn MG, and Naito AT (2013) Chapter 4: Spatial Overlays. In Boscoe F (ed.) Geographic Health Data: Fundamental Techniques for Analysis. Wallingford, UK CAB International.

Naito AT and Cairns DM (2011) Relationships between arctic shrub expansion and topographically-derived hydrologic characteristics. Environmental Research Letters 6(4): 045506.

Naito AT and Cairns DM (2011) Patterns and processes of global shrub expansion. Progress in Physical Geography 35(4): 423-442.

Political Ecology, Environmental Justice, Feminist Geography, Renewable Energy, Climate Change, Sustainability, Environmental Policy, International Development, Social Justice

ORCID: 0000-0002-6218-3725
Began teaching at NMU in 2019


  • B.A., University of Utah
  • M.S., University of Michigan
  • Ph.D., University of Illinois


  • GC 101: Introduction to Environmental Science
  • GC 205: Introduction to Geographic Research
  • GC 220: Economic Geography
  • GC 269: Introduction to Sustainability
  • GC 300: Geographies of South Asia
  • GC 317: Geography of Food Systems
  • GC/GN 444: Gender and Environment

Research Interests

  • Political ecology
  • Environmental justice
  • Feminist geography
  • Intersectionality
  • Renewable energy
  • Climate change
  • Sustainable development
  • International development
  • Social justice
  • Social theory


Ryan Stock is a political ecologist whose work examines the political economy of environmental change, utilizing an intersectional perspective to interrogate the production of social difference in nature-society relationships. At present, he has multiple ongoing research projects investigating the following: gender politics and energy dispossessions of solar parks (India), gendered livelihoods and solar development (Ghana), environmental injustices of solar PV lifecycle (India), climate adaptation and vulnerability of farmers (India), climate policy (South Asia), biopolitics of precision agriculture (USA), political economy and geopolitical ecology of regional energy transitions. He has methodological expertise in mixed methods field research with a strength in qualitative approaches. 

In addition to teaching and scholarship, Ryan is a board member of the American Association of Geographers’ Energy and Environment Specialty Group. At NMU, he is the coordinator of NMU’s Northern Climate Network, an appointed member of the Sustainability Advisory Council, and a member of the Gender and Sexuality Studies Program Committee, the JEDI Collective (justice, equity, diversity, inclusion), and the Undergrad Research Advisory Board. Ryan mentors students through research and service as member of committees for Masters theses and PhD dissertations, mentor of McNair Scholars and Freshman Fellows and faculty mentor of various student groups on campus. In the community, Ryan is a member of the Marquette County Climate Adaptation Task Force, as well as an environmental and social justice activist. Ryan is also a former Fulbright Scholar and Peace Corps volunteer.

Select Publications

  1. Stock, R. Illuminant intersections: Injustice and inequality through electricity and water infrastructures at the Gujarat Solar Park in India. In Press. Energy Research & Social Sciences.
  1. Ishtiaque, A., Stock, R., Vij, S., Eakin, H. & Chhetri, N. (2021). Beyond the barriers: An overview of mechanisms driving barriers to adaptation in Bangladesh. Environmental Policy and Governance 31 (4), 316-329. DOI: 10.1002/eet.1925
  1. Stock, R. & Birkenholtz, T. (2021). The sun and the scythe: Energy dispossessions and the agrarian question of labor in solar parks. The Journal of Peasant Studies 48 (5), 984-1007. DOI: 10.1080/03066150.2019.1683002
  1. Vij, S., Biesbroek, R., Stock, R., Ishtiaque, A., Gardezi, M., Groot, A. & Termeer, K. (2021). ‘Power-sensitive design principles’ for climate change adaptation policy-making in South Asia. Earth System Governance 9, 100109, 1-9.
  1. Stock, R. (2021). Deus ex mitigata: Denaturalizing the discursive power of Solar India. Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space 4 (2), 354-382. DOI: 10.1177/2514848620908166
  1. Jonnalagadda, I., Stock, R. & Misquitta, K. (2021). Titling as a contested process: Conditional land rights and subaltern citizenship in South India. International Journal for Urban and Regional Research 45 (3), 458-476. DOI: 10.1111/1468-2427.13002
  1. Stock, R. & Gardezi, M. (2021). Make bloom and let wither: Biopolitics of precision agriculture at the dawn of surveillance capitalism. Geoforum 122, 193-203.
  1. Stock, R. (2021). Praeclariat: Theorising precarious labour geographies of solar energy. Antipode 53 (3), 928-949. DOI: 10.1111/ANTI.12698
  1. Gardezi, M. & Stock, R. (2021). Growing algorithmic governmentality: Interrogating the social construction of trust in precision agriculture. Journal of Rural Studies 84, 1-11.
  1. Stock, R. (2021). Bright as night: Illuminating the antinomies of ‘gender positive’ solar development. World Development 138, 105196. DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105196
  1. Stock, R. & Birkenholtz, T. (2020). Photons vs. firewood: Female (dis)empowerment by solar power in India. Gender, Place & Culture 27 (11), 1628-1651. DOI: 10.1080/0966369X.2020.1811208
  1. Stock, R., Vij, S. & Ishtiaque, A. (2020). Powering and puzzling: Climate change adaptation policies in Bangladesh and India. Environment, Development and Sustainability. DOI: 10.1007/s10668-020-00676-3
  1. Stock, R., Birkenholtz, T. & Garg, A. (2019). Let the people speak: Improving regional adaptation policy by combining adaptive capacity assessments with vulnerability perceptions of farmers in Gujarat, India. Climate and Development, 11 (2), 138-152. DOI: 10.1080/17565529.2017.1410089
  1. Newton, P. Fournier, M., Cornwall, M., DeBoer, J., Rosenbach, D.W., Schaap, B., Stock, R., Whittemore, J., Yoders, M., Brodnig, G. & Agrawal, A. (2015). Community forest management and REDD+. Forest Policy and Economics, 56, 27–37. DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2015.03.008

Earth Systems Science, Ecohydrology, Soil Biogeochemistry, Forest Resources, Wetlands, Applied Agronomy

Curriculum Vitae

ORC-ID: 0000-0001-5561-3021
Began teaching at NMU in 2015

Additional Appointments

  • Adjunct Professor, 2016 – Present, College of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University


  • B.S., Northern Michigan University
  • M.S., Michigan Technological University
  • Ph.D., Michigan Technological University


  • GC 100: Physical Geography
  • GC 202: Soils
  • GC 205: Introduction to Geographic Research
  • GC 255: Physical Geology
  • GC 362: Wetlands
  • GC 465: Hydrology
  • GC 482: Earth Systems Interactions
  • GC 488: Earth & Environmental Science Capstone Research

Research Interests

  • Hydrology
  • Wetlands
  • Soils
  • Carbon cycling
  • Forest resources
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Ecology
  • Applied Agronomy


I am an Earth systems scientist who has previously investigated water quality, water resources, aquatic ecology, soil biogeochemistry, carbon cycling, wetlands, sustainable agriculture, plant ecology, and forest resources in the Great Lakes and Colorado Plateau regions of the U.S.  Ultimately, my passion for Earth systems science drives me to access both remote and developed areas for the purpose of sustainably managing natural resources, conserving unique habitats, or remediating degraded sites.

My research regularly incorporates a variety of data collection strategies including automated samplers, data-loggers, natural tracers, and field-portable analyzers to examine abiotic-biotic interactions. Moreover, my research often includes use of laboratory analytical instrumentation such as gas chromatography, fluorescence spectroscopy, or inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to examine biogeochemical processes.  As a data scientist, I am also proficient with handling and visualizing complex data and performing advanced computational procedures such as numerical modeling, chemical modeling and statistical analyses in R.  

Select Publications

  • Shannon, J.P., F. Liu, M.J. Van Grinsven, R.K. Kolka, and T.G. Pypker. 2021. Magnitude, Consequences, and Correction of Temperature-Derived Errors for Absolute Pressure Transducers under Common Monitoring Scenarios. Hydrological Processes, 36(1), e14457.

  • Davis, J.C., J.P. Shannon, M.J. Van Grinsven, N.W. Bolton, J.W. Wagenbrenner, R.K. Kolka, and T.G. Pypker.  2019.  Nitrogen cycling responses to simulated emerald ash borer infestation in Fraxinus nigra-dominated wetlands. Biogeochemistry 145, 275-294.

  • Van Grinsven, M.J., J.P. Shannon, N.W. Bolton, J.C. Davis, J.W. Wagenbrenner R.K. Kolka, and T.G. Pypker. 2018. Response of Black Ash Wetland Gaseous Soil Carbon Fluxes to a Simulated Emerald Ash Borer Disturbance. Forests 9(6), 324.

  • Shannon, J.P., M.J. Van Grinsven, J.C. Davis, N.W. Bolton, N.J. Noh, J.W. Wagenbrenner, T.G. Pypker, and R.K. Kolka. 2018. Water level controls on sap flux of canopy species in Fraxinus nigra wetlands. Forests 9(3), 147.

  • Bolton, N.W., J.P. Shannon, J.C. Davis, M.J. Van Grinsven, N.J. Noh, S. Schooler, R.K. Kolka, T.G. Pypker, and J.W. Wagenbrenner. 2018.  Methods to Improve Survival and Growth of Planted Alternative Species Seedlings in Black Ash Ecosystems Threatened by Emerald Ash Borer. Forests 9(3), 146.

  • Weissinger, R., D. Witwicki, H. Thomas, A. Wight, K. Lund, M. Van Grinsven. Riparian Monitoring of Wadeable Streams Protocol for the Park Units in the Northern Colorado Plateau Network: V 1.05.  2018.  U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring Program. NPS/NCPN/NRR—2018/1636

  • Van Grinsven, M.J., J.P. Shannon, J.C. Davis, N.W. Bolton, J.W. Wagenbrenner, R.K. Kolka, T.G. Pypker 2017. Source water contributions and hydrologic responses to simulated emerald ash borer infestations in depressional black ash wetlands. Ecohydrology.

  • Van Grinsven, M.J., A.S. Mayer, and C.J. Huckins. 2011. Estimation of streambed groundwater fluxes associated with coaster brook trout spawning habitat. Ground Water.

Began teaching at NMU in 2012

Geology, Maps, Metamorphic Petrology, Environmental and Geotechnical Consulting

  • B.S., St. Lawrence University
  • M.S., University of Oregon

Began teaching at NMU in 1990

Curriculum Vita


  • B.S., Northern Michigan University
  • M.A., Indiana State University
  • Ph.D., Michigan Technological University


Dr. Regis served as a Professor of Geology and Remote Sensing in the Dept. of Earth, Environmental, and Geographical Sciences. He started teaching at NMU in 1990 while completing his dissertation at MTU. In 1992, he was hired as a full-time faculty member. Dr. Regis has authored or co-authored numerous publications, technical reports, and presentations. He served as a campus representative to the Geological Society of America. He has also been a member of the American Association of Geographers, American Geophysical Union, Society for Sedimentary Geology, the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (former Regional Director), and Sigma Xi.

Research Interests

Dr. Regis’s research interests are mostly regarding the geomorphology of the U.P., particularly the glacial history and glacial landforms. Additionally, he studies groundwater hydrology in glaciated crystalline bedrock terrain, and Lake Superior shoreline processes. He uses remote sensing techniques, including LiDAR and Multispectral Scanner (MSS) data from various satellite and aircraft instruments to map landforms and quantify processes. His current research involves the use of remote sensing techniques to map the distribution and movement of legacy mining tailings (stamp sand) dumped along the shore of Lake Superior. In another recent project, he co-authored a paper on the Paleogeography and depositional environment of a local Cambrian-age sandstone that contained an unusual assemblage of fossils.